This collection contains minutes of meetings, reports, correspondence, speeches, members' biographies and other memos written by or about or sent to the Jewish Democratic Committee of Timișoara and/or Lugoj. There are also documents from Zionist organizations not necessarily related to the committee but related to Jewish life in general. The committee had a wide range of responsibilities, surpassing basic political tasks. There are a total of 26 folders each containing many hundreds of documents. The collection may be of interest to those studying Jewish life in the immediate post-war period and especially those looking at questions of identity.
This collection primarily contains documents from 1945-1950. The two items listed in the inventory from 1909, a cadastral book and accompanying property registration forms, are not accessible at the National Archives. According to the local archivists, this material was retained by the Valea Lungă town hall. It could be interesting for researchers due to the fact that Valea Lungă had a relatively large Jewish community with its own synagogue, which is presumably recorded in such cadastral documents. There is one document registering animals from 1928 and otherwise the rest of the material is from after World War II and generally consists of administrative paperwork. There is one folder from 1945 on expropriated property and goods in the course of the agrarian reform of 1945. It contains lists of the people from whom property including farming equipment, etc was expropriated and lists of people who received this property. It is not entirely clear but it seems that the property was expropriated from the Germans, by and large (this list does not include a note on ethnicity), and given to Romanians and Roma, as well as on occasion a "poor" Hungarian or Saxon. Though Valea Lunga once had a significant Jewish community and its own synagogue, the Jews were "evacuated" to nearby towns during World War II and as such, there appear to be no Jews involved in these transactions, though it is possible that the list of expropriated property also contains Jewish property owners (this is not clear since Saxon and Jewish names were often similar/the same and because the Jewish property may have already been expropriated before and during the war).
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities. The documents testify to abuse of Jewish property or person in some way or record worrisome developments by the local police (creation of lists of men of males of working age). Included are documents from or about Radăuți, Suceava, Vama (Bukovina), and Făgăraș.
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities. All the documents testify to abuse of Jewish property or person in some way. Included is a testimony from Alba Iulia and a bill of sale (from a Jewish man to the Legionnaires) from Brașov.
The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only): http://www.arhivelenationale.ro/images/custom/image/Pdf-uri/DANIC_Fonduri%20si%20colectii/Feudale/Colectia%20comunitati%20evreiesti%201818-1959.pdf
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jewish nationalist organizations: chart with Jew repatriated from northern Bukovina residing in Arad who have submitted requests to leave for Israel.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jewish nationalist organizations: notifications, informative notes, intercepted correspondence, notes, requests for verification of files.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jewish nationalist organizations: notifications, informative notes, requests for verification of files, lectures, personal identity documents, autobiographies, photographs.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jewish nationalist organizations: summaries, informative notes, notifications, requests for verification of files, lectures, personal identity documents, declarations, plans for measures, charts of Zionists, records of interrogation, organizational layout of Zionist organizations.