The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Timiș county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accessible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history, content, or the number of pages in individual folders. The collection is large, over 1,000 files, and as such there are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled and may contain reference to Jewish residents, for example folders titled as dealing with religious issues or the nationality of residents or folders regarding the monitoring of individuals with relatives in foreign countries, of tourists in the region or of Romanians with ties to foreigners. Other folders contain information on former estate holders or industrialists It was beyond the scope of the present survey to inspect the contents of all such folders. There are, however, a number of folders with titles specifically referencing the Jewish content. Most of these contain material reporting on the activities of the Jewish community and individuals therein. For details on these folders and others with material clearly related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This entry is for multiple folders; each contains registration forms for a woman or women from Făgăraș recording their occupation and requesting exemption from forced labor. The women in these folders were employed by the Jewish women's organization. The documents may include birth details, occupational details, various references and recommendations, and often a photo of the individual. For the names of individuals applying, please see the National Archives online guide to this collection (https://drive.google.com/drive/u/0/folders/0B54MeDlSJl3IMXVrTkFLMEhtVXM, only in Romanian) and consult the folder (dosar) number listed under the call number.
This folder contains two charts. One is from the Sighișoara Jewish community and contains the names of individuals with permits exempting them from forced labor. The chart includes the names, company for which they work and position, number of family members, salary, and other comments. The second chart is from the Mediaș Jewish community and is a list of individuals with professional licenses/permits. It is not clear whether this term was meant to be synonymous with permits exempting them from forced labor. The information recorded is the same as the chart from Sighișoara: name, company, position, salary, family members, other comments, but the list is over three times as long (135 from Mediaș, 40 from Sighișoara), though the Jewish population of Mediaș was larger than Sighișoara.
This entry is for multiple folders; each contains the paperwork for an individual from Sighișoara petitioning to be allowed to exercise their profession (with the support of their employer) and/or to be exempted from forced labor. The documents may include birth details, occupational details, various references and recommendations, and often a photo of the individual. For the names of individuals applying, please see the National Archives online guide to this collection (https://drive.google.com/drive/u/0/folders/0B54MeDlSJl3IMXVrTkFLMEhtVXM, only in Romanian) and consult the folder (dosar) number listed under the call number.
This folder contains the paperwork for numerous individuals from Alba Iulia applying for permission to exercise their respective profession and/or to be exempted from forced labor. The documents may include birth details, occupational details, various references and recommendations, and often a photo of the individual. There is also various paperwork in general regarding the position of the Jewish community of Alba Iulia and other supporting documents from companies who wished to retain their Jewish employees.
This folder contains lists created by the county office of Timiș-Torontal of Jewish men. The lists appear to be of men from whom papers of some sort have been taken away - perhaps papers authorizing them to work or run a business. They are ambiguously titled "lists of restituted files". Four lists are of owners, one of salaried employees and one of free professionals. The lists themselves contain only the file/folder number, name and address of the respective individual. All the men reside in Timișoara.
This folder contains charts of all Jewish men between the ages of 14-17 and 51-69 in the county of Alba. The charts include the name, residence, address, place and date of birth, names of parents, level of education, and occupation. The individuals are generally are residents of Alba Iulia, Aiud, and Ocna Mureș.
This folder contains charts of all Jewish women between the ages of 14-17 and 41-69 in the county of Alba. The charts include the name, residence, address, place and date of birth, names of parents, level of education, and occupation. The individuals are generally are residents of Alba Iulia, Aiud, and Ocna Mureș.
This folder contains a wide variety of paperwork dealing with welfare distributed by the Jewish Council. There are correspondence documents from all over the country, including some locations within Transnistria, as well as charts of recipients by occupation. There is no apparent organizational method to the folder except that everything seems to be from 1944.
This file contains bids on market stalls, along with related correspondence and documents offering evidence of Jewish participation in the market at this time. Bids offer the name of the vendor, address, and the nature of the business they plan to operate at the market stall.
This file contains various announcements, requests, and correspondence, the bulk of which pertains to rentals and auctions of market stalls. Many Jewish names appear, and notably many of the market stalls being auctioned off appear to have been owned by Jews.
This file contains various civic ordinances, documents and correspondence, many of which pertain to the manufacture and distribution of flour and the issuance of certificates pertaining to Romanian citizenship. The latter category includes both requests for proof of Romanian citizenship and renunciations of citizenship, especially in cases of emigration. Many of those making these requests are Jewish. Finally, of especial note is a group of documents scattered throughout the folder, but especially in the final 20 pages, which relate to requests made by Jewish businessmen and tradesmen for reductions or exemptions from various taxes and fees since they are no longer permitted to work. Although it does not specifically mention Jews, a request from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Bucharest, signed by a Legionary Commander, encourages the increase of “ethnic Romanian element” in certain branches, either through the “creation of new enterprises” or through the “replacement of minorities” (sheet 155). Elsewhere, sheet 39 refers to Jewish property sold to non-Jews during the period before the state seizure of Jewish property. Several documents, such as sheet 73, refer to rental agreements for market stalls, wherein a Jewish tenant's stall is often rented to a new tenant after the expiration of the lease, which in almost all cases appears to be December 31, 1940.
This file contains a list of organizations in Rădăuți, nearly half of which relate to Jewish affairs or the Jewish community. Among other things, the register lists the name of the organization, the mission of the organization, date of founding, name of the president, and short description of the organization's holdings.
This collection contains a wide variety of papers created by the Town Hall of Radăuți during the Austro-Hungarian period until the early community period. The material covers all areas of town administration from elections to property administration to overseeing of professional organizations and so forth. Material specifically related to the Jewish population includes information on cultural and professional organizations (many Jewish), files related to the deportation of Jews (euphemistically called "evacuation") and handling of the remaining property, bids for market stalls (many of which were made by Jews), various files on impoverished survivors of Transnistria requesting welfare or proof of citizenship. For details on these files, please click on any link below.
This file contains legal documents and maps pertaining to the seizure of the Sillex timber mill, including some of its buildings, rail facilities and machinery, for the building of a public electric grid. According to the documents, the owner S.I. Leibovici had abandoned the property and the firm upon emigration to Palestine.
This folder appears to be misleadingly titled. It contains a wide variety of civic records; of particular interest is a list of tradesmen, merchants, and industrialists including the name and address of their business (sheet 20), as well as a proposal for regulations for the slaughtering animals and the transport of meat products, which would take into account Jewish religious law (sheet 200).
This is an apprenticeship register. Each person has a page on which is listed his personal information (birth information, religion, physical characteristics and so forth) and then the masters with whom he has apprenticed. There are several registers of this sort in the Reghin collection.
Please note that this collection comprises three inventories: "Primaria Orasului Reghin" (1829-1950) with 704 items; Sfatul Popular al Orasului Reghin (1951-1955) with 111 items; and Consiliul Popular al Orasului Reghin (1950-1968) with 634 items. These titles reflect the changes of governmental organisation within the country. The present survey focused primarily on the contents of the first inventory. The material within the second two inventories deals largely with the restructuring under communism and rarely do the contents move beyond bureaucratic and administrative announcements and records. The first inventory however contains numerous files with information relevant to Jewish history. The collection contains material customary for a municipal authority including administrative and financial files, documents regarding permits and professions, and regulating schools, religious institutes, and so forth. Specific to the Jewish population, there are files with material on synagogues, Jewish organizations, Jewish professionals and apprentices, and numerous files regarding Jewish citizenship or property of Jews who were deported or emigrated. For details on these files and others with material related specifically to the Jewish population of Reghin, please see below and click on any title.
This file contains information on artisans and handworkers of Gura Humorului. Item 12 is a register of the local artisans and handworkers, the majority of whom were Jewish. The register lists name, various data on previous military and civil service, date and place of birth, name of parents, address, degree or professional credentials, nature of work, location of workshop, date of founding of workshop, and ethnicity.
This item is a register of domestic servants and workers in Gura Humorului, the majority of whom were women and either Orthodox or Catholic. A few Jewish women are also registered, and several of the employers appear to have been Jewish. Each entry includes a photo of the person registered, their name, age, marital status, place and date of birth, information on their residence and employer, as well as remarks on their physical characteristics.
This file is a military draft register with entries for all males in Fălticeni born in the year 1917, including several Jews. Names are listed in approximate alphabetical order. Name, nationality, religion, and profession are listed, along with information on physical features (color of hair and eyes, etc.) date and place of birth, address of residence, basic information on educational background, some information on the parents (age, address, occupation, names), reference to entries in civil records. The final columns list the date of the individual's military inspection and whether or not they were admitted into the military, as well as to what division they were assigned. Some accompanying minutes offer a summary of the procedure and overall statistics regarding how many youths were drafted, how many deemed unfit, and how many “left behind” for other types of military or civil service.
This file consists of daily bulletins listing crime statistics for Fălticeni and Pașcani. Category of offenses and infractions are listed, as well as the number of arrestees, with information on gender, age (adult or minor), marital status, literacy, ethnicity (Jewish is one of the twelve categories), and occupational category (such as farmer, laborer, intellectual, etc). Following the month's daily bulletins are monthly summaries.
This file contains various documents and correspondence pertaining to the permits and licenses issued to the owners and employees of the Jewish lumber firm Froim Charas și Leon Brotman for automobiles.
This file contains various papers concerning the distribution of free textbooks to needy children and orphans, the destruction by Russian soldiers of school archives and holdings of Solca, Pârtești de Jos, and Soloneț which had been evacuated to Topoloveni, and various other materials relating to the relocation and return of school documents during and after the war. Although the records offer no indication of Jewish students or school staff, some of the papers indicate the presence of Jewish and/or German merchants in Suceava after the war – a bookdealer Nathan Weiner, a wood dealer Isidor Schläffer, and a hardware business called Bessler & Haimovic.
This collection contains a variety of administrative documents and correspondence (budget, staffing, payroll), various documents created during day-to-day police operations, as well as an unusually high number of materials regarding the policing of borders, illegal aliens, and supervision of political groups, probably owing to the proximity of the territories occupied by Russia during the second World War. Of interest, too, is a military recruitment register, which provides a large amount of vital statistics information on military-age men in the region, including information about ethnicity and religion. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.
This collection contains papers and correspondence relating to the administration of the police (staffing, payroll, budget), as well as a number of materials regarding community events and surveillance of citizens. Of particular interest are lists of tradesmen present in the municipality, many of whom were Jewish, and requests by individuals and organizations for permits for social and cultural events, including many events hosted by Jewish cultural organizations. There is also a substantial amount of material regarding press censorship and surveillance of political groups, including Zionist groups. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.
This collection contains a variety of administrative records and correspondence regarding staffing, budget, and other general business, as well as a number of materials regarding the policing of the community. The latter category includes a variety of registers of infractions and of individuals arrested or wanted for arrest, some of whom, owing to the substantial regional Jewish population, were Jewish. Elsewhere, there are various papers and correspondence regarding permits and licenses for various activities and events, especially for automobile permits and licenses. There are also some files on military conscripts and citizenship. For details on a select number of items individually surveyed within this collection, please click on any link below.
The Medias Jewish Community Collection contains material spanning the life of the community, with documents dating from the late 19th century until the end of the communist era as well as general administrative paperwork into the 1990s (when the community, for all intents and purposes, no longer existed). The bulk of the material is from the mid-20th century (1940s-1970s) and of administrative or financial nature. Several extensive items of particular historic significance have been digitized and are available below in Series III: the 500-page book of meeting minutes covering board member and community meetings from 1930-1947 (Box OS21); hundreds of registration forms created by the Jewish Council (Centrala Evreilor) during the war which recorded an individual's family background up to the grandparents (names, birthplaces and date) (Box OS18 and OS19); the burial registry with details on tombstone location, date (and sometimes cause) of death and accompanying index of names (OS13); and the cemetery map (last item in Series III). The original statutes of the community, in Hungarian from 1894, as well as later German and Romanian versions, are also digitized and can be found in Series V (SD2/folder 2). The material in this collection may be of interest to those researching Jewish life, identity, and culture in southern Transylvania before and during World War II and Jewish life under the Romanian communist government. For additional details on the contents of each series, please see the comprehensive container list below. The collection is arranged by series and chronologically within each series.
This collection consists of registers and a few other documents containing decisions relating to small claims between city and district residents. A comprehensive survey was beyond the scope of the present project, but it is likely that some of the records contain information regarding Jewish inhabitants in the region.
This collection consists of ledgers and indices of regulatory measures enacted by the Sibiu Magistrate. The materials on this collection date largely to the 18th and early 19th century, thus covering a period before substantial Jewish settlement in the jurisdiction, although item number 4 did turn up evidence of an 1829 decision pertaining to Jews and pharmaceuticals. It is possible other relevant cases may be recorded in these registers as well; a thorough investigation of the contents was beyond the scope of the present survey. See page 689/80 of nr. crt. 4, containing a decree from 1829 September 10, stating that Jews are permitted neither to trade in pharmaceuticals nor to operate pharmacies, and that any pharmaceuticals discovered to have been “defiled” [verfault] by Jews are to be reported immediately to the authorities.
This is a rather small collection, more or less cataloged at an item level, consisting primarily of enrollment requests in the form of handwritten letters for business training schools and courses throughout the Sibiu district. It appears that there were several small schools and evening course offerings, even in some smaller localities and villages. There are also some administrative papers, such as lists of students and reports. At least one enrollment request, item 141 of 1910, testifies to the enrollment of a Jewish student in these schools and coursework. This item is a request by the factory owner Heim Schublach of Sibiu for the enrollment of his daughter Hermine Schublach, as well as for the enrollment of Ilona Kimpel of Turda, in a course. It does not specify which factory Schublach owned.
This collection consists of various account ledger books for different businesses and organizations in Sibiu's jurisdiction. There is no clear relationship between the ledgers, and often very little information about their creators or their context. Since many of the ledgers date to the late 18th and early 19th century, a period before substantial Jewish settlement in the region, archivists only selectively surveyed this collection. A single mention of a Jew was found in one ledger, although it is possible that additional ledgers in the collection could contain more information on local Jewish history. The aforementioned ledger (număr curent 35), ascribed to Johann Roth, consists of an alphabetical index of client names, and then the bulk of the book consists of accounts payable and receivable entries for these various individual and corporate clients. In a shorter section between the index and accounts sections, entitled “Month of October,” there is an entry for Israel Löwy in Alba Iulia (Carlsburg), in the matter of an inheritance – see page 27 (page seven in the book's original numbering).
This file contains hundreds of petitions for various certificates relating to identity, nationality, literacy, occupation, or losses suffered during the war. Most of the petitions are from Jewish residents and many contain brief descriptions of persecutions in Transnistria (family members who died, etc).
This file contains petitions from Siret residents for the issuing of identity papers (nationality certificates). The vast majority of the individuals submitting petitions from these files are Jews returned from Transnistria. Some of their petitions list family members who died in Transnistria.
This file contains various correspondence between municipal, federal, and army authorities in 1945. There are several sections regarding the local artisans (lists of name and occupations) and also random correspondence regarding Jews repatriated from Transnistria and being housed in public buildings of Siret.
This file contains various documents relating to the municipal administration in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Of interest are the appointments in January 1945 of several Jewish residents to municipal posts. Also of interest are handwritten charts from the war years with the breakdown in population by ethnic group from year to year.
This file contains almost exclusively documents relating to the Jewish residents of Siret who were deported to Transnistria. The documents are primarily composed of petitions to the mayor for confirmation of citizenship or profession and the responses from the mayor confirming the individual's identity or profession.
Most of the interwar years have files regarding requests to receive Romanian citizenship or nationality and permit applications to exercise various trades. In the late 1930s there are also files relating to the revoking of citizenship. These files contain a wide variety of documents and are all titled slightly differently. A select survey shows that many or even most of these applicants were Jewish residents. The documentation can be in German, Romanian, or both. Now and then birth certificates or other excerpts from civil records are included, sometimes there is just a one-page petition. In order to find out the exact call number, the inventory for the Siret Town Hall collection (Primăria orașului Siret) should be consulted, held at the Suceava national archives.
This file contains a comprehensive list of all shopkeepers and artisans in Câmpulung Moldovenesc in 1917. The list contains 160 names, along with the respective individual's trade and tax levied. The file also contains several applications for reimbursement of losses or damages suffered on account of the war.
This file contains a variety of correspondence and contracts relating to property held by the municipality and leased to various small merchants or artisans. Reflecting the diversity of the town population at this period, the lessees include Germans, Jews, and Romanians. There are also some shop inventories from merchants who apparently fled to Câmpulung during World War I from other parts of Bukovina (referred to as refugees).
Of particular interest in this file are the charts at the end which contain the names and professions of all artisans in Câmpulung Moldovenesc. The information provided is name, place of residence, and craft.
This register book contains a list of individuals who butchered animals from 1918-1931. The book includes the name of the butcher, kind of animal, and other comments (sometimes). The Jewish individuals, who repeat monthly, were presumably ritual butchers.
This register book contains the names of individuals granted Romanian citizenship from Solca from 1933-1942. Data includes only name of individual, date on which nationality was granted, and the individual's occupation. In the 1930s in particular the register includes many Jewish residents of Solca.
This register book was apparently used by the spa and resort ”Regina Maria” (Queen Maria”) to record guests. The book records the name, birth year, and occupation of the guest, day of arrival, spouse's name and birth year (sometimes), town of residence, identity card information, address where they are staying in Solca, and cost for the spa services. Solca was known for its salt waters and fresh air. The vast majority of the guests in this book are Jews, many from Bessarabia as well as elsewhere in the Regat and of course Bukovina.
This large collection contains documents maintained by the Câmpulung Moldovenesc town hall from the late 19th century until into the 1950s. In light of the fact that the Jewish population made up a significant portion of the town, a large part of the material refers to or deals with the Jewish inhabitants in some way, though not always explicitly. Contents include folders for building or event permits, documents related to the artisans of the city, material related to property expropriated during World War II, lists of those eligible to vote, and many, many more. For details on these and other individual items containing documents of interest to those researching Jewish history in the region, please see the JBAT entry for this collection, subfield "contains" and click on any title (over 15 individual folder descriptions).
This collection contains documents maintained by the Solca town hall during World War I through to the 1950s. Of particular interest is a record book from one of the spa resorts with the names of all visitors, most of whom were Jews from across the entire region of Greater Romania. There are also files regarding the awarding of Romanian citizenship to inhabitants. For details on these items, please see the JBAT entry for this collection, subfield "contains" and click on any title.
The file contains a variety of forms regarding individuals who served in the Austro-Hungarian army. Some are in German and appear to be the original certificates of service dating from the late 19th century to World War I. Other are in Romanian and created in 1935. There are Jewish, Romanian, and German soldiers. Though this is catalogued in Câmpulung Moldovenesc, the files all appear to be from Gura Humorului.
In 1936 the police in Câmpulung created lists of all individuals who owned artisinal workshops, mills, shops, factories in the town. Due to the high percentage of Jewish residents in these occupations, there are many Jewish names on the lists, though the lists do not specifiy ethnicity.
This collection consists of files created or maintained by the police authorities in Câmpulung Moldovenesc from the 1920s to the 1940s. In light of the significant Jewish population of the town, many or even most files may contain papers related in some way to Jewish residents. There are, for example, charts of artisans and shop-keepers; requests from organizations (Jewish cultural, religious, political groups) for permission to organize cultural events from dances to meetings to elections and so forth; files on suspected persons (including war-time refugees); files dealing with the revoking of Romanian citizenship from Jews; files from the Austro-Hungarian period with military conscript information; files dealing with forced labor or deportation to Transnistria during World War II. For details on these items and others, please click on any link below.