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This file contains various petitions and related documents and correspondence. Owing to the circumstances of the immediate post-war period, the bulk of the petitions are from individuals seeking certificates of poverty and certificates of nationality. There is evidence of active Jewish community life and of the presence of Jewish residents, including some returned from Transnistria, who are active in the commercial, professional, and civic life of Rădăuți.

This file contains a large number of petitions or requests made by individuals, businesses, and organizations, the bulk of which concern food rationing, especially bread rations. Many requests are made by Jewish individuals, businesses, and organizations, including the “Jewish Center for the Protection of Mothers and Children” (Centrul Evreiesc de Protecție a Mamei și Copilului). A substantial number of other requests are also present, including many requests for the issuance of citizenship documents, vital records, or copies thereof.

This file contains various civic ordinances, documents and correspondence, many of which pertain to the manufacture and distribution of flour and the issuance of certificates pertaining to Romanian citizenship. The latter category includes both requests for proof of Romanian citizenship and renunciations of citizenship, especially in cases of emigration. Many of those making these requests are Jewish. Finally, of especial note is a group of documents scattered throughout the folder, but especially in the final 20 pages, which relate to requests made by Jewish businessmen and tradesmen for reductions or exemptions from various taxes and fees since they are no longer permitted to work. Although it does not specifically mention Jews, a request from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Bucharest, signed by a Legionary Commander, encourages the increase of “ethnic Romanian element” in certain branches, either through the “creation of new enterprises” or through the “replacement of minorities” (sheet 155). Elsewhere, sheet 39 refers to Jewish property sold to non-Jews during the period before the state seizure of Jewish property. Several documents, such as sheet 73, refer to rental agreements for market stalls, wherein a Jewish tenant's stall is often rented to a new tenant after the expiration of the lease, which in almost all cases appears to be December 31, 1940.

This file contains various documents and correspondence pertaining to the citizenship of, by and large, the Jewish residents of Rădăuți or of those born in Rădăuți. Typically, the documents consist of a request to correct an omission of the resident's name in the register of nationalities, and thereby to acquire Romanian citizenship. In some cases, individuals born in Rădăuți but living elsewhere, often in Germany, seek to confirm and officially acquire Romanian citizenship, but the majority of applicants appear to be individuals still living in Rădăuți or elsewhere in Romania. These papers may be related to legislation passed in 1938 revoking or calling into question Romanian citizenship of Jews. Various other types of documents are scattered among these papers, including a large group of papers pertaining to taxes on cinemas; these usually include a list of the films they were showing.

This item consists of a register dealing with proof of citizenship of residents of the municipality. Name, year of birth, and a citation of their citizenship record are given, along with any family members (wife, children, etc.) for whom this citizenship is also valid. Notes are added, sometimes at a later date, if the citizenship is declared void, often in the case in which the individual or family acquires foreign citizenship or is proven not to reside in the municipality.

This file contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and various other papers pertaining to civic affairs in the municipality of Gura Humorului. Several documents and papers relate to Jewish citizens and the Jewish community, including a document beginning on page 272 regarding the makeup and character of the local Jewish community. Elsewhere, a number of items have to do with the matter of citizenship, which owing to the recent change of regime, was a major topic. Relating to this matter are several lists, such as the one beginning on sheet 26, which offer basic vital statistics on local residents born outside of the Bukovina province. The lists usually state place and date of birth and locality in which they were naturalized as citizens. A number of those listed appear to be Jews who emigrated from Galicia, Transylvania, and elsewhere both within and without the former Habsburg territories.

This item is a register containing forms from the census of young men from the graduating classes of 1926-1933 in and around Târnăveni. The forms vary from year to year but generally include name, parent names, birth date and place, current residence and sometimes also include religion, ethnicity, facial features, and other comments.

Register contains names of people who received Romanian citizenship, includes birthdate and sometimes occupation and family members. The Jewish entries include notes revoking the citizenship according to a law passed in 1938.

This folder contains various correspondence with the town hall in 1938. Included in the handwritten table of contents is a section on petitions from war invalids who lost their Romanian citizenship (Romanian citizenship was revoked from the Jews in 1938). There is also correspondence that emphasizes the ethnic Romanian ownership of a company, though the name is Jewish.

This folder contains pages related to the revoking of Romanian citizenship according to a law passed in 1938. Included are petitions (often approved) that citizenship not be revoked on the basis of various grounds. The forms will generally include data on the petitioners birth place and date, family members, current residence, and occupation.

This folder contains various papers on legal cases involving the town hall and numerous subfolders containing papers of individuals applying for a certificate of nationality.

This folder contains various requests and related correspondence regarding certificates of nationality for individuals from Reghin. The requests or certificates themselves contain information regarding the individual's birth place, occupation, and family circumstances.

This collection contains documents typical of a municipal authority though please note that there are few documents from the Austro-Hungarian period. Of interest to those researching the Jewish history of the region are primarily files from the World War II period which deal with anti-Semitic measures taken including the evacuation of Jews from villages to the cities, the expropriation of Jewish goods, forced labor measures, and so forth. For details on these files and others specifically related to the Jewish population, please see below and click on any link.

Please note that this collection comprises three inventories: "Primaria Orasului Reghin" (1829-1950) with 704 items; Sfatul Popular al Orasului Reghin (1951-1955) with 111 items; and Consiliul Popular al Orasului Reghin (1950-1968) with 634 items. These titles reflect the changes of governmental organisation within the country. The present survey focused primarily on the contents of the first inventory. The material within the second two inventories deals largely with the restructuring under communism and rarely do the contents move beyond bureaucratic and administrative announcements and records. The first inventory however contains numerous files with information relevant to Jewish history. The collection contains material customary for a municipal authority including administrative and financial files, documents regarding permits and professions, and regulating schools, religious institutes, and so forth. Specific to the Jewish population, there are files with material on synagogues, Jewish organizations, Jewish professionals and apprentices, and numerous files regarding Jewish citizenship or property of Jews who were deported or emigrated. For details on these files and others with material related specifically to the Jewish population of Reghin, please see below and click on any title.

This file contains bulletins, correspondence, reports, and orders exchanged between the Vama precinct and county and national officials. The contents cover a wide variety of matters relevant to the state in a time of war, including border security, investigation of alleged subversive and radical groups and individuals on both the left and right wing, matters of censorship, including religious and cultural censorship, and matters of citizenship and displaced persons. Daily business is also discussed. Since the region had a large Jewish population, matters affecting Jews both individually and collectively come up. Nevertheless, material specifically related to Jews, even within the material on the establishment, revocation, or renunciation of Romanian citizenship and regarding refugees from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, is relatively sparse.

This files contains various orders, reports, and correspondence regarding the status of foreigners, verification of citizenship, renunciation and revocation of citizenship. Many of the items pertain to the status of Jews of various nationalities – see for example sheets 234-238, which include lists of all Jews in Rădăuți district who entered Romania after 1936. Elsewhere, as on sheet 390, tables and lists offer data on various minority groups, including Jews, purely on the basis of ethnicity, rather than on citizenship or other qualifiers. Elsewhere, documents list various restrictions and ordinances affecting foreigners in Romania – for example, sheet 461 contains an order prohibiting any foreign Jews from visiting spa or resort towns as well as rural areas. Several of the items in the final third of the file directly or obtusely mention deportations and repatriations of Jews, in some cases providing lists of names, as well as information on Jews permitted to remain at their own residence.

This file contains correspondence and tables provided by local offices to regional headquarters containing the names of individuals who had emigrated and obtained foreign citizenship. Usually the birthplace, name of parents, profession, and country of emigration are listed. The impetus for the creation of these lists appears to be federal regulations by which Romanian citizens automatically lost their Romanian citizenship upon the acquisition of citizenship in a different country. The individuals listed emigrated to a broad range of countries and several Jewish names appear among those listed.

This collection contains documents and correspondence relating to the operation of the police force in the small Bukovina town of Vama. Of particular interest are materials from the 1920s and 1930s regarding the establishment of Romanian citizenship, as well as papers from the second World War regarding refugees from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina though this latter file deals primarily with refugees of Romanian ethnicity. For additional details regarding one of the items mentioned above, please click on the link below.

This collection contains a variety of administrative documents and correspondence (budget, staffing, payroll), various documents created during day-to-day police operations, as well as an unusually high number of materials regarding the policing of borders, illegal aliens, and supervision of political groups, probably owing to the proximity of the territories occupied by Russia during the second World War. Of interest, too, is a military recruitment register, which provides a large amount of vital statistics information on military-age men in the region, including information about ethnicity and religion. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.

This collection contains a variety of administrative records and correspondence regarding staffing, budget, and other general business, as well as a number of materials regarding the policing of the community. The latter category includes a variety of registers of infractions and of individuals arrested or wanted for arrest, some of whom, owing to the substantial regional Jewish population, were Jewish. Elsewhere, there are various papers and correspondence regarding permits and licenses for various activities and events, especially for automobile permits and licenses. There are also some files on military conscripts and citizenship. For details on a select number of items individually surveyed within this collection, please click on any link below.

The relevant portion of this collection are the indices and registers (1853-1861) of the Imperial County Office of Sibiu. Indices are arranged alphabetically by name of individual or organization, or in some cases by topic. Registers are arranged in approximate chronological order. As such, one typically can find relevant entries by searching for words like “Juden” or “Israeliten” (Jews), or by the names of individual members of the Jewish community. The indexes and registers further provide a short summary of the case or document, along with the case or document number. The registers typically provide a fuller summary and often provide the date of opening of the case, and the date of resolution, as well as a short description of the resolution. In some cases, the documents may be preserved, and may be requested by the document numbers recorded in the registers and indices, although not all documents are still extant. In addition to the indices and registers which comprise the bulk of the collection, there are also indices for circulars and various orders (1852-1856), a register of recruits (1861), and registers and indices for local offices: Sibiu (1853-1854), Orlat (1856-1860), Cisnădie (1853-1854), and Săliște (1851-1854).

This collection consists of registers of “allodial” accounts, both incomes and expenses. Allodial in the context of Sibiu and the Saxon region in general, the Fundus Regius, appears to denote lands and assets which were managed collectively, at least by members of the Saxon University, rather than being the property of individual feudal lords or noblemen, as was more typically the case in the Transylvanian counties (Comitates). As such, these registers concern expense accounts pertaining broadly both to Sibiu as a whole, as well as the Seven Chairs administrative district administered by the Saxon University. These registers appear to record incomes and expenses arising from taxation, administrative expenses relating to the municipal and regional government, and expenses for social and cultural programs such as assistance to needy residents and support for state theaters. These registers are closely related to similar expense and income registers kept by individual public officials, such as the Stadthann, which are listed on the separate inventory 210, Socoteli economice. Registers of municipal Consular expenses and incomes are found in inventory 207, and customs incomes and expenses, in particular for the tollhouse at Turnu Roșu, can be found in inventory 197. As the collection is quite extensive, it was not possible during the survey to get a comprehensive overview of the entire collection, but nonetheless some of the taxation registers do show evidence of Jewish taxpayers, see for example the register entitled Casierie de impozit nr. 152. This ledger divides heads of household into three broad categories: Citizens (Bürger, Freedmen (Libertinen), and Tenants (Inquilinen). Members of the local Jewish community, such as Markus and Mendel Klärmann and Simon Horovitz, do appear in this register, primarily in the “Libertinen” category, although interestingly Markus Klärmann appears both as a Bürger and as a Libertine. The name of the head of household is accompanied by a house number, and then followed by columns enumerating the taxes which they are due to pay.

The file contains correspondence regarding foreigners, many of whom are former Romanian citizens who lost or renounced their citizenship during the course of the 1930s and World War II. There are also documents related to Transnistria including ones containing information on the return of people from Transnistria.

Most police collections have files regarding the movements or actions of foreigners. The contents of these files will vary from year to year but documents frequently refer to Jewish individuals, either because they did not assume Romanian citizenship (and thus are considered Austrian), they were visiting or they lost their Romanian citizenship.

These files contain correspondence and reports on any sort of "suspect persons." Especially after the war began, this meant that many of the suspect people were Jews, many trying to escape territories occupied by the Germans or the Soviets. There may also be lists of people considered communists or of those whose Romanian citizenship was revoked after they received citizenship from elsewhere (Palestine, Canada, America).

This register contains the names and sometimes birthdates of Siret residents who renounced their citizenship in 1941. Prior to this a law had been passed revoking Jews of Romanian citizenship, but perhaps it was not universally applied. The citizenship adopted in lieu of Romanian includes Austrian, Palestinian, American, Canadian, Argentinian, etc. There are also numerous non-Jewish individuals who renounced their citizenship, also for Austria or Poland, Germany (for the ethnic Germans), Czechoslovakia, and France. The bulk of individuals in this list however is Jews and the citizenship they adopted was Austrian.

This collection contains records created by the gendarmes of Câmpulung Moldovenesc during the interwar period and World War II. The collection contains various files on spy and sabatoge activities and the movements or activities of foreigners, religious sects, political groups, and so forth, though few of these deal directly with the Jewish population. Folders with specifically Jewish content include one with information related to Transnistria survivors and a curious folder regarding the murder by decapitation of a local Jewish woman. For details on these items, please see below.

This collection contains records created by the police department of Solca during the late interwar period and World War II. Of interest to those researching regional Jewish history may be numerous folders concerning papers related to "suspected" individuals or "foreigners". Many of these individuals or so-called foreigners were Jews fleeing war zones to the north or local Jews whose Romanian citizenship had been revoked (through anti-Semitic legislation in 1938) or who had never claimed Romanian citizenship in the first place and were regarded as Austrian foreigners. There is also one folder titled property taken from Jews, though the contents primarily concerns other matters. For details on these items, please see below.

This collection contains records created by the police department of Siret during the interwar period and World War II. Of interest to those researching regional Jewish history may be a folder recording those who renounced Romanian citizenship and adopted the citizenship of other countries (almost all Jews) and a folder with the ethnic breakdown of various demographic groups (students, factory owners, workers) in Siret - of interest due to the utter absence of the Jewish population as it was created following the deportations to Transnistria. For details on these items, please see below.

This file contains hundreds of petitions for various certificates relating to identity, nationality, literacy, occupation, or losses suffered during the war. Most of the petitions are from Jewish residents and many contain brief descriptions of persecutions in Transnistria (family members who died, etc).

This file contains petitions from Siret residents for the issuing of certificates of ethnicity and / or nationality. The individuals in this file are from a broad cross-section of the Siret population, including Romanians, Jews, Czechs, Germans, and others.

This file contains petitions from Siret residents for the issuing of identity papers (nationality certificates). The vast majority of the individuals submitting petitions from these files are Jews returned from Transnistria. Some of their petitions list family members who died in Transnistria.

This file contains various correspondence between municipal, federal, and army authorities in 1945. There are several sections regarding the local artisans (lists of name and occupations) and also random correspondence regarding Jews repatriated from Transnistria and being housed in public buildings of Siret.

This file contains various documents relating to the municipal administration in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Of interest are the appointments in January 1945 of several Jewish residents to municipal posts. Also of interest are handwritten charts from the war years with the breakdown in population by ethnic group from year to year.

This file contains almost exclusively documents relating to the Jewish residents of Siret who were deported to Transnistria. The documents are primarily composed of petitions to the mayor for confirmation of citizenship or profession and the responses from the mayor confirming the individual's identity or profession.

Of interest in this file are lists of eligible voters in 1941. Some of the lists still include the Jewish residents and in addition to names, provide the birth date, profession, and address. There are also lists of youth born in various years. Here as well sometimes addresses of the individuals are provided.

This file contains various correspondence relating to the population of Siret immediately following World War II. The contents is quite mixed but can include petitions from Jewish and other residents for papers or other matters. At the end are charts of the population of Siret and surrounding villages according to ethnic group. The charts list the Jewish population at a little less than 850 in 1946 with the total population being just under 5,500. There is mention of Fany Goimann nee Katz, possibly the sister of the writer Leo Katz.

This register book contains the names of men who were members of the Siret municipality (this may refer to registered tax-payers). It also lists the names of their wives and children and the birth years of all individuals. No addresses or additional information is provided.

Most of the interwar years have files regarding requests to receive Romanian citizenship or nationality and permit applications to exercise various trades. In the late 1930s there are also files relating to the revoking of citizenship. These files contain a wide variety of documents and are all titled slightly differently. A select survey shows that many or even most of these applicants were Jewish residents. The documentation can be in German, Romanian, or both. Now and then birth certificates or other excerpts from civil records are included, sometimes there is just a one-page petition. In order to find out the exact call number, the inventory for the Siret Town Hall collection (Primăria orașului Siret) should be consulted, held at the Suceava national archives.

This file contains various witness statements and declarations from town halls or other civil register sources regarding individuals applying to receive Romanian citizenship. All of the individuals in the file are Jewish who lost their Romanian citizenship in the course of the anti-Semitic legislation of the late 1930s. In addition to witness statements and official confirmations of birth, etc, there are forms completed by the individuals applying which includes data regarding their birth, parents, and war-time location (Transnistria, work camps, etc). Names of applicants include Zoltan, Feuerwerger, Gluzer, Wieder.

This register was started in 1931 and ends in 1941. It contains 26 names (apparently all Jews) of Câmpulung residents who renounced their Romanian citizenship. In addition to the name, birth date and place are included as well as the new citizenship acquired and, sometimes, other remarks.

This register book contains the names of individuals granted Romanian citizenship from Solca from 1933-1942. Data includes only name of individual, date on which nationality was granted, and the individual's occupation. In the 1930s in particular the register includes many Jewish residents of Solca.

This file contains a variety of documents many of which refer to the measures taken in 1939 regarding Romanian citizenship. There is a list of Straja residents who had previously been granted Romanian citizenship and from whom it was revoked (all Jewish names) as well as other pieces of correspondence relating to individuals (Jewish, Russian, Polish, etc) who were changing residences or who were being sought by authorities.

This collection contains documents maintained by the Siret town hall during the interwar period and up until 1950. The collection contains numerous folders from the 1940s related to the Jewish population including material on the revoking of Romanian citizenship, expropriation of property, deportation to Transnistria, requests for assistance by survivors of Transnistria, and so forth. For details on these items, please see the JBAT entry for this collection, subfield "contains" and click on any title (over 10 individual folder descriptions).

This collection contains documents maintained by the Solca town hall during World War I through to the 1950s. Of particular interest is a record book from one of the spa resorts with the names of all visitors, most of whom were Jews from across the entire region of Greater Romania. There are also files regarding the awarding of Romanian citizenship to inhabitants. For details on these items, please see the JBAT entry for this collection, subfield "contains" and click on any title.

This file contains correspondence and orders regarding the loss of citizenship applied to various residents of interwar Romania. Sometimes citizenship was revoked because the individual had adopted the citizenship of another country, sometimes citizenship was revoked on political grounds. For example, in 1941, Romanian citizenship was revoked from all peoples in northern Bukovina and Bessarabia except for those of ”Romanian blood.” Of particular interest is a chart of individuals who chose to return to northern Bukovina and Bessarabia after June 1940 (when the Soviets took power there). The chart contains almost 200 names, most of whom are Jewish, and lists their date of birth, ethnicity, place to which they intend to return, and identity card numbers. All of the individuals ere from Cernăuți (Czernowitz) or other towns and villages within northern Bukovina. Though most are Jewish, there are also substantial Ukrainians and some Poles, Russians, and Romanians.

These files contain correspondence and reports on any sort of "suspect persons." Especially after the war began, this meant that many of the suspect people were Jews, many trying to escape territories occupied by the Germans or the Soviets. There may also be lists of people considered communists or of those whose Romanian citizenship was revoked after they received citizenship from elsewhere (Palestine, Canada, America).

In 1938 a law revoked the citizenship of Jews across the country. This police file contains correspondence and actions taken in this regard by the police. Charts of the names of people from whom citizenship was revoked are included.

In 1938 a law revoked the citizenship of Jews across the country. This police file contains correspondence and actions taken in this regard by the police. Charts of the names of people from whom citizenship was revoked are included.

In 1938 a law revoked the citizenship of Jews across the country. This police file contains correspondence and actions taken in this regard by the police. Charts of the names of people from whom citizenship was revoked are included.

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