This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are several pieces of private familial correspondence mixed in with the official documents. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder number 13/1946.
This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Of interest is, for example, the documents regarding a group of more than 100 Jews all originally from Noua Sulita, which petitioned to be moved together to a town near Arad, in western Romania. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are also a small number of official reports or memos on the situation. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder nr. 14/1946.
The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only): http://www.arhivelenationale.ro/images/custom/image/Pdf-uri/DANIC_Fonduri%20si%20colectii/Feudale/Colectia%20comunitati%20evreiesti%201818-1959.pdf
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jews - Fălticeni, Himor [sic?], Siret: informative reports, requests for verification in files, memos, personal identity documents, reports, informative memos, investigative reports.
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Suceava county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accesible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history, content, or the number of pages in individual folders. The collection is large, over 1,000 files, and as such there are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled and may contain reference to Jewish residents, for example folders titled as dealing with religious issues or the nationality of residents or folders regarding the monitoring of individuals with relatives in the United States, of tourists in the region or of Romanians with ties to foreigners. It was beyond the scope of the present survey to inspect the contents of all such folders. There are, however, a number of folders with titles specifically referencing the Jewish content. Several of these contain material related to specific Jewish communities; others regard surveillance carried out in Jewish communities or on persons hoping to emigrate. For details on these folders and others with material clearly related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This collection consists of correspondence, documents, meeting minutes, and other papers from the Siret community dating from the end of the Second World War and the years thereafter. Much of these materials pertains to the reestablishment and rebuilding of community institutions, like schools and religious facilities. Owing to the prevailing conditions of this period, a substantial amount of the documents pertains to the administration and distribution of food, medical, and housing assistance for community members, many of whom were interned in camps or otherwise displaced during the war. A significant amount of correspondence concerning the restitution of property and other assets, both of the community and of its members, is also present, as well as requests to civil authorities for records and amendments to records. Several files also revolve around the day-to-day functioning of the community and its institutions, including a substantial amount of documents concerning the budget and contributions from community members. Some materials also concern memorial efforts, including the erection of a monument to the murdered Jews of Zaharești and the planting of trees. Please note that at the time of this survey (2013), the collection was closed for microfilming and thus this description is based on an inventory and not consultation of the original documents.
This collection contains administrative documents and correspondence regarding instruction in the schools, school assets, and staffing matters such as hiring, firing, compensation, and evaluation. There are some materials regarding the war mobilization and the evacuation of the school.
This file is of interest precisely because there is not one mention of a Jewish person. Prior to 1941 Jews comprised a large portion of the Siret population, in archival documents this is reflected particularly in the school attendence. This file contains meticulously drawn-up charts of the ethnic composition of students, municipal employees, and factory owners and workers. Almost all of the names are Romanian, there are a few Germans, Ukrainians, and Ruthenians. By this time the Jewish population had been deported to Transnistria by the Romanian government.
This register contains the names and sometimes birthdates of Siret residents who renounced their citizenship in 1941. Prior to this a law had been passed revoking Jews of Romanian citizenship, but perhaps it was not universally applied. The citizenship adopted in lieu of Romanian includes Austrian, Palestinian, American, Canadian, Argentinian, etc. There are also numerous non-Jewish individuals who renounced their citizenship, also for Austria or Poland, Germany (for the ethnic Germans), Czechoslovakia, and France. The bulk of individuals in this list however is Jews and the citizenship they adopted was Austrian.
This collection contains records created by the police department of Siret during the interwar period and World War II. Of interest to those researching regional Jewish history may be a folder recording those who renounced Romanian citizenship and adopted the citizenship of other countries (almost all Jews) and a folder with the ethnic breakdown of various demographic groups (students, factory owners, workers) in Siret - of interest due to the utter absence of the Jewish population as it was created following the deportations to Transnistria. For details on these items, please see below.