The books that form the Mediaș library were found in the Mediaș synagogue and Jewish community offices. The majority of the German and Hungarian-language volumes were catalogued by local high school students in the course of a project in 2016-2017. The volumes appear to be a mixture of private and communally-owned books. Though they are mostly religious books including siddurim and Jewish religious texts, some secular volumes were also found. In cases where owner information was inscribed or stamped in the book, a note was made in the catalogue record and, in general, a photo of the personal inscription was made. Please click on the individual titles below for more information.
Please note that this collection is being constantly updated. Please check back regularly for new additions.
This collection contains minutes of meetings, reports, correspondence, speeches, members' biographies and other memos written by or about or sent to the Jewish Democratic Committee of Timișoara and/or Lugoj. There are also documents from Zionist organizations not necessarily related to the committee but related to Jewish life in general. The committee had a wide range of responsibilities, surpassing basic political tasks. There are a total of 26 folders each containing many hundreds of documents. The collection may be of interest to those studying Jewish life in the immediate post-war period and especially those looking at questions of identity.
This collection primarily contains documents from 1945-1950. The two items listed in the inventory from 1909, a cadastral book and accompanying property registration forms, are not accessible at the National Archives. According to the local archivists, this material was retained by the Valea Lungă town hall. It could be interesting for researchers due to the fact that Valea Lungă had a relatively large Jewish community with its own synagogue, which is presumably recorded in such cadastral documents. There is one document registering animals from 1928 and otherwise the rest of the material is from after World War II and generally consists of administrative paperwork. There is one folder from 1945 on expropriated property and goods in the course of the agrarian reform of 1945. It contains lists of the people from whom property including farming equipment, etc was expropriated and lists of people who received this property. It is not entirely clear but it seems that the property was expropriated from the Germans, by and large (this list does not include a note on ethnicity), and given to Romanians and Roma, as well as on occasion a "poor" Hungarian or Saxon. Though Valea Lunga once had a significant Jewish community and its own synagogue, the Jews were "evacuated" to nearby towns during World War II and as such, there appear to be no Jews involved in these transactions, though it is possible that the list of expropriated property also contains Jewish property owners (this is not clear since Saxon and Jewish names were often similar/the same and because the Jewish property may have already been expropriated before and during the war).
This folder contains a variety of documents to and from the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and smaller community branches. Included are notes from Deva and paperwork regarding the firing or laying-off of Jewish workers from metal factories in Cugir and Copșa Mica. There is also an original letter (dated 19 August 1941) to a government minister from Filderman (president of the community) laying out details as to who has been deported or interned to date and from which localities as well as describing other injustices (mandatory wearing of Jewish "sign" in certain towns). The other documents refer to locations in the Regat.
This folder contains three documents related to anti-Semitic measures taken by the Romanian government in World War II. The letters are authored by Romanian governmental authorities (department for Romanianization and Ministry of Internal Affairs). One refers to the requirement to draw up lists of all properties owned by Jews in Timișoara and Arad. One refers to the imprisonment of Jewish leaders, both religious and communal and one refers to disputes in the small town of Beiuș (Bihor county) regarding Jews evacuated in the area and their housing.
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities. The documents testify to abuse of Jewish property or person in some way or record worrisome developments by the local police (creation of lists of men of males of working age). Included are documents from or about Radăuți, Suceava, Vama (Bukovina), and Făgăraș.
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities. All the documents testify to abuse of Jewish property or person in some way. Included is a testimony from Alba Iulia and a bill of sale (from a Jewish man to the Legionnaires) from Brașov.
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities for submission to government authorities in order to illustrate the difficulties facing Jewish communities across the country. Included are two pages regarding Jewish property in Suceava which were seized by the various military and administrative authorities. The other documents generally refer to Jewish loss of citizenship rights and internment or forced labor of rabbis and other community leaders (not specific to Transylvania or Bukovina).
The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only): http://www.arhivelenationale.ro/images/custom/image/Pdf-uri/DANIC_Fonduri%20si%20colectii/Feudale/Colectia%20comunitati%20evreiesti%201818-1959.pdf
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads (please note no specific towns are mentioned in this description): Telegrams and ordinances regarding the evacuation of citizens of Jewish ethnicity and the punishment of those who rob or kill them; the context of the events taking place at Iași; documents regarding the Romanianization of some firms in the county of Târnava Mică.