This folder contains paperwork created by or for the Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) regarding their work with refugees and survivors of World War II. Material includes lists of aid recipients (orphans from Transnistria, other Bukovinan Transnistria survivors, Transylvania survivors of Auschwitz) and correspondence from various communities requesting assistance in various forms.
This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are several pieces of private familial correspondence mixed in with the official documents. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder number 13/1946.
This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Of interest is, for example, the documents regarding a group of more than 100 Jews all originally from Noua Sulita, which petitioned to be moved together to a town near Arad, in western Romania. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are also a small number of official reports or memos on the situation. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder nr. 14/1946.
This folder contains a variety of paperwork created by or addressed to the Association for the Support of Jews from Southern Bukovina (Asociația pentru Sprijinirea Evreilor din Bukovina de Sud). The material includes correspondence with various Jewish organizations, Zionist and charitable, Romanian and international; private petitions for assistance; applications for job positions; minutes of board meetings; memos on various individual cases; paperwork regarding the transport of Transnistrian deportees back into Romania (from the part of the railroad company); paperwork regarding a home for the repatriated (homeless) Bukovina Jews in Bucharest; lists of individuals who received assistance; and other related documents.
This folder contains several hundred documents related to repatriated Jews from Bukovina and Transylvania. The material primarily deals with repatriated Jews residing in Mediaș, Timișoara, Buzău, and Bucharest. Most of the documents are charts and forms with names of those who received aid. The charts or forms generally include birth information, occupation, some deportation details, and assistance received.
This folder contains several hundred documents related to repatriated Jews from Bukovina and Transylvania. The material includes lists of supplies distributed to the needy, charts of names (generally with birth information, occupation, some deportation details), other registration forms, identity forms, some photographs of individuals, and excerpts from a Yiddish newspaper printed in South Africa.
This folder contains a booklet with carbon copy receipts of dues paid by members of the Association for the Support of Jews from Southern Bukovina (Asociația pentru Sprijinirea Evreilor din Bukovina de Sud).
This folder contains charts of the repatriated deportees (to Transnistria) who were living in a home in Bucharest (caminul repatriaților) in 1945. There are also handwritten charts listing the recipients of various aid from the Red Cross. These charts contain the name, former and present residence, in which ghetto the individual was interned, place from where they were deported, place and date of repatriation, the kind of assistance received (ie. rent, sewing machine, etc), and number of family members. There are also simpler charts recording the distribution of milk and soap.
This folder contains correspondence regarding missing persons sought after World War II. Most of the correspondence is from or to HIAS (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society). A large number of the persons sought are from various towns in Bukovina, but there are also inquiries regarding individuals originally from Transylvania or elsewhere in Romania. In a few rare instances personal letters are included in the correspondence.
This folder contains two sets of charts. One set was created in Radăuți in December of 1945 and contains the names of individuals returned from the U.S.S.R. (ie. Transnistria) who received assistance from the Red Cross with the help of the Joint. The charts include names, birth place and date, gender, occupation, frontier entry point, and items received (garments) and the recipient's signature. The other set of documents is from Șimleul-Silvaniei, also dated 1945, and records names of those who returned from German concentration camps. Charts include names, name of the mother, place and date of birth, occupation, camp from which they returned, last place of residence prior to deportation, marriage status, and other comments (often tattoo number). These charts were created by the Jewish community of Șimleul-Silvaniei (technically here called Democratic Jewish Group - Gruparea Democratică a Evreilor).
This folder contains three documents: two maps created by the statistics department of the Centrala Evreilor din România (Jewish Council of Romania) which depict Jewish population fluctuations between 1930 and 1942 in Romania as a whole and broken down by regions. The third document is one long sheet, folder so as to create 10 pages, with detailed statistical breakdowns of the Jewish population. The pages are numbered beginning with 65, so this "pamphlet" was apparently part of a larger work at some point in time. One section details Jewish intermarriages in Romania. The data states the ethnicity of the non-Jewish parent, broken down by county and sometimes city and the number of children resulting from mixed marriages (broken down also by ethnicity of the non-Jewish parent). Another section breaks down the Jewish population by sex and county/city and another by age and county/city. Graphs depict distribution by age and sex across the country. Bucharest's Jewish population is broken down separately. It is not clear who created these pages, whereas the maps state that they were created by the Centrala Evreilor din România.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Chart of those of Jewish ethnicity repatriated from Bessarabia and Bukovina (in the counties of Mureș and Cluj).
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Mureș county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accessible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history, content, or the number of pages in individual folders. The collection is large, over 1,000 files, and as such there are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled and may contain reference to Jewish residents. It was beyond the scope of the present survey to inspect the contents of all such folders. There are, however, a number of folders with titles specifically referencing the Jewish content. Several of these contain material from World War II and others contain histories of the local Jewish communities. For details on folders mentioned above and others with material clearly related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This folder contains hundreds of documents apparently related in some way to the Transnistrian deportees in the county of Golta. The documents include corresponence with the Jewish council central offices in Bucharest, memos from the welfare department of assistance sent, inventories of goods sent, telegrams, private messages transmitted via the central council to individuals in Golta county. Many of these messages are from people in Cernăuți to relatives or friends deported to Golta.
This folder contains handwritten notes from Transnistrian deportees addressed to the respective "commander" (comandant) of the Golta gandarme unit requesting to be transferred to another camp or ghetto or for family members to be transferred to be with the signatory. None of the requests are approved. There are also simple charts of orphans, these do not include any names or details other than the numbers of orphans and whether of both parents or just the mother or father.
This folder contains a variety of paperwork regarding Transnistrian deportees. A majority of the papers originate from Cernăuți and regard the impoverished Jewish community there. Material includes correspondence from the Jewish council to and from governmental authorities regarding Transnistrian deportees, medicine to be sent, border control of goods, and so forth. There are charts of businesses, presumably Jewish-owned, but the first page is missing and so the scope of the charts is not clear. Correspondence to and from the Cernăuți office primarily regards sums of money sent from the welfare department. There are also personal notes, memos, or telegrams (it is not clear) sent to deportees in Transnistria from various individuals or organizations in Bucharest.
This folder contains documents from the welfare department concerning sums of money transferred to individual Transnistrian deportees. In addition to individual pages of confirmation of transfer, there are charts of recipients which include the name of the recipient, their town of origin, name of sender, amount sent. People from all major towns and many smaller ones in Bukovina are found in these lists.
This folder contains a unique collection of documents apparently created by the Jewish leadership in Mostovoi and Berezovca, two villages in Transnistria. The documents are handwritten in a very clear and legible writing and include budget reports and notes, minutes of meetings, correspondence between other neighboring communities and government authorities.
This folder contains a variety of documents related to Transnistrian deportees. There is a text or manuscript concerning individuals repatriated in 1943. There are several charts of repatriates suspected of political subterfuge (communist links); charts of individuals deported from certain towns (Dorohiu, Burdujeni), charts of those deported due to infractions of forced labor requirements.
This folder contains lists of Jews from various cities around the country who were deported to Transnistria as a result of infractions of forced labor requirements. The charts list the name of the individuals, address, parent names, and year of birth. The majority of the individuals in these lists are from Bucharest or other towns in the Regat. There are some shorter lists of individuals from Cernăuți, Timișoara, Alba Iulia, and a few other towns in Transylvania.
This folder contains a variety of documents related to individuals deported to Transnistria. Primarily the documents are requests from family members who remained in Romania for their deported relatives to be returned to the country. There are also some notes and memos regarding sums of money sent to deportees. The requests from family members for their relatives to be restored provide various details about the deportee, the circumstances surrounding their deportation, and the material circumstances of the author of the letter. Frequently various civil records are included such as birth certificates.
This folder contains a wide variety of paperwork dealing with welfare distributed by the Jewish Council. There are correspondence documents from all over the country, including some locations within Transnistria, as well as charts of recipients by occupation. There is no apparent organizational method to the folder except that everything seems to be from 1944.
This folder contains a document outlying the plans for the emigration (presumably to Palestine) of those deported to Transnistria. Included are the names of the men in charge of organizing the effort, the price per person and other directions. It was written by the Jewish Council and is addressed to the county office in Cernăuți. There is no date.
The folder contains the minutes for meetings of the welfare department of the Jewish Council as well as the board; charts of requisitioned property - primarily linens and bedding - from Bucharest communities; and report summaries from communities across the country regarding rabbis who had been exempted from forced labor.
This folder appears to have been created by the welfare branch of the Jewish council. There are hundreds of communications regarding sums transferred to various locations in Transnistria. But the material also contains correspondence (requests, messages, announcements of money transfer) between branches in Tranyslvania and elsewhere in the country.
The documents include handwritten biographical notes of several men in leadership positions in the Czernowitz Jewish community and other memos from and to the central offices in Bucharest regarding the Jewish census and other administrative matters.
The Jewish Council of Romania was the official body representing the Jewish community from 1941-1944. This collection contains material dating 1942-1944. There is no indication in the Romanian language inventory at the National Archives regarding the year or circumstances of acquisition. There is also no information regarding whether this material represents the complete files of the Council or whether there may be additional material in different repositories. The Leo Baeck Institute surveyed individual folders with material related to Bukovina and Transylvania. Many of these files dealt with communities and individuals in Bukovina, including significant material concerning those deported to Transnistria. For details on these individual folders, please click any link below. The Romanian-language inventory is available online here.
This file contains a census of Jewish males of Rădăuți who were born in 1926; the census was taken in regards to military service conscription. Each entry contains the person's name, date of birth, street address, and names of parents. In the column marked “comments” (observații) is entered information about the wartime deportation of the individual; everyone listed in this census was deported to Transnistria on November 1, 1943. Similarly, all entries are annotated that in 1944 the individual was “absent, excluded for being Jewish, placed into special regiment for Jews.” A final note column either lists an additional street address or offers the statement “is not at the locality.”
This file contains various petitions and related documents and correspondence. Owing to the circumstances of the immediate post-war period, the bulk of the petitions are from individuals seeking certificates of poverty and certificates of nationality. There is evidence of active Jewish community life and of the presence of Jewish residents, including some returned from Transnistria, who are active in the commercial, professional, and civic life of Rădăuți.
The Medias Jewish Community Collection contains material spanning the life of the community, with documents dating from the late 19th century until the end of the communist era as well as general administrative paperwork into the 1990s (when the community, for all intents and purposes, no longer existed). The bulk of the material is from the mid-20th century (1940s-1970s) and of administrative or financial nature. Several extensive items of particular historic significance have been digitized and are available below in Series III: the 500-page book of meeting minutes covering board member and community meetings from 1930-1947 (Box OS21); hundreds of registration forms created by the Jewish Council (Centrala Evreilor) during the war which recorded an individual's family background up to the grandparents (names, birthplaces and date) (Box OS18 and OS19); the burial registry with details on tombstone location, date (and sometimes cause) of death and accompanying index of names (OS13); and the cemetery map (last item in Series III). The original statutes of the community, in Hungarian from 1894, as well as later German and Romanian versions, are also digitized and can be found in Series V (SD2/folder 2). The material in this collection may be of interest to those researching Jewish life, identity, and culture in southern Transylvania before and during World War II and Jewish life under the Romanian communist government. For additional details on the contents of each series, please see the comprehensive container list below. The collection is arranged by series and chronologically within each series.
The file contains correspondence regarding foreigners, many of whom are former Romanian citizens who lost or renounced their citizenship during the course of the 1930s and World War II. There are also documents related to Transnistria including ones containing information on the return of people from Transnistria.
This collection contains records created by the gendarmes of Câmpulung Moldovenesc during the interwar period and World War II. The collection contains various files on spy and sabatoge activities and the movements or activities of foreigners, religious sects, political groups, and so forth, though few of these deal directly with the Jewish population. Folders with specifically Jewish content include one with information related to Transnistria survivors and a curious folder regarding the murder by decapitation of a local Jewish woman. For details on these items, please see below.
This file contains hundreds of petitions for various certificates relating to identity, nationality, literacy, occupation, or losses suffered during the war. Most of the petitions are from Jewish residents and many contain brief descriptions of persecutions in Transnistria (family members who died, etc).
This file contains petitions from Siret residents for the issuing of identity papers (nationality certificates). The vast majority of the individuals submitting petitions from these files are Jews returned from Transnistria. Some of their petitions list family members who died in Transnistria.
This file contains various correspondence between municipal, federal, and army authorities in 1945. There are several sections regarding the local artisans (lists of name and occupations) and also random correspondence regarding Jews repatriated from Transnistria and being housed in public buildings of Siret.
This file contains various documents relating to the municipal administration in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Of interest are the appointments in January 1945 of several Jewish residents to municipal posts. Also of interest are handwritten charts from the war years with the breakdown in population by ethnic group from year to year.
This file contains almost exclusively documents relating to the Jewish residents of Siret who were deported to Transnistria. The documents are primarily composed of petitions to the mayor for confirmation of citizenship or profession and the responses from the mayor confirming the individual's identity or profession.
This file contains various municipal correspondence, documents, and charts from 1944 related to the town and surrounding villages of Siret. There are several documents related to the ethnic breakdown of the population and also several dispatches related to the repatriated citizens (Jews) from Transnistria.
This file contains various witness statements and declarations from town halls or other civil register sources regarding individuals applying to receive Romanian citizenship. All of the individuals in the file are Jewish who lost their Romanian citizenship in the course of the anti-Semitic legislation of the late 1930s. In addition to witness statements and official confirmations of birth, etc, there are forms completed by the individuals applying which includes data regarding their birth, parents, and war-time location (Transnistria, work camps, etc). Names of applicants include Zoltan, Feuerwerger, Gluzer, Wieder.
This file contains correspondence, orders, and other documentation regarding anti-Semitic measures taken towards the Jewish inhabitants of Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Gura Humorului, and Vatra Dornei. Included is correspondence regarding concentration camps within the towns, ”evacuation” of Jews (i.e. Deportation to Transnistria), orders regarding the possession of Jewish property, lists of Jewish residents who with permits to remain within the towns, orders regarding the wearing of the yellow star, and other similar dispatches.
This file contains correspondence, orders, and other documentation regarding anti-Semitic measures taken towards the Jewish inhabitants of Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Gura Humorului, and Vatra Dornei. Included is correspondence regarding concentration camps within the towns, ”evacuation” of Jews (i.e. deportation to Transnistria), orders regarding the possession of Jewish property, lists of Jewish residents with permits to remain within the towns, orders regarding the wearing of the yellow star, and other similar dispatches.
This files contains correspondence and other documents relating to the internment or concentration camps in Sadagora and Edineț, which were related or possibly the Sadagora camp moved to Edineț. Most of the documents refer to the Romanians interned (for communist affiliation, in general) but there are also numerous charts and lists of Jewish internees. Some of the charts list where the Jewish prisoners were originally from, some merely list their names.
This collection consists of files created or maintained by the police authorities in Câmpulung Moldovenesc from the 1920s to the 1940s. In light of the significant Jewish population of the town, many or even most files may contain papers related in some way to Jewish residents. There are, for example, charts of artisans and shop-keepers; requests from organizations (Jewish cultural, religious, political groups) for permission to organize cultural events from dances to meetings to elections and so forth; files on suspected persons (including war-time refugees); files dealing with the revoking of Romanian citizenship from Jews; files from the Austro-Hungarian period with military conscript information; files dealing with forced labor or deportation to Transnistria during World War II. For details on these items and others, please click on any link below.
This flyer from the Jewish community of Fălticeni to its members explains that the Joint Distribution Committee will match all donations made within the local community for the purpose of repairing the Jewish hospital and mikvah. It admonishes the community members to give generously in order to take advantage of the opportunity. It also mentions the status of impoverished and ill Jews and work camps and Transnistria. Undated, but post-World War II.
This item is a poster from the Jewish Community of Suceava announcing that there will be free medical exams and x-rays for children 3-10 years old, as well as free medicine in the case of illness. This may have been in response to high rates of tuberculosis amongst survivors of the camps in Transnistria.