This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are several pieces of private familial correspondence mixed in with the official documents. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder number 13/1946.
This folders contains hundreds of documents created by various border control and municipal authorities from towns near the Romanian-Soviet border (Bukovina). The documents all date from a few weeks, the end of March 1946 to mid April 1946. During this period (and before and after) thousands of repatriated Jews left northern Bukovina (U.S.S.R.) for southern Bukovina (Romania), often from there moving to other parts of the country. The documents include certificates of border crossing; petitions from families or acquaintances for individuals to live with them; paperwork for the transfer of individuals or groups of people from one part of the country to another. Of interest is, for example, the documents regarding a group of more than 100 Jews all originally from Noua Sulita, which petitioned to be moved together to a town near Arad, in western Romania. Most of the documents include vital facts about the respective individual including birth date and place and family members. Virtually all of them mention that the individual was in Transnistria or the U.S.S.R.. A very few contain photographs or other forms of identification (birth certificate copies or other identity cards) and there are also a small number of official reports or memos on the situation. Please note that there are several more folders containing similar documents, ie folder nr. 14/1946.
This folder contains several hundred documents related to repatriated Jews from Bukovina and Transylvania. The material primarily deals with repatriated Jews residing in Mediaș, Timișoara, Buzău, and Bucharest. Most of the documents are charts and forms with names of those who received aid. The charts or forms generally include birth information, occupation, some deportation details, and assistance received.
This folder contains correspondence regarding missing persons sought after World War II. Most of the correspondence is from or to HIAS (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society). A large number of the persons sought are from various towns in Bukovina, but there are also inquiries regarding individuals originally from Transylvania or elsewhere in Romania. In a few rare instances personal letters are included in the correspondence.
This folder contains three documents: two maps created by the statistics department of the Centrala Evreilor din România (Jewish Council of Romania) which depict Jewish population fluctuations between 1930 and 1942 in Romania as a whole and broken down by regions. The third document is one long sheet, folder so as to create 10 pages, with detailed statistical breakdowns of the Jewish population. The pages are numbered beginning with 65, so this "pamphlet" was apparently part of a larger work at some point in time. One section details Jewish intermarriages in Romania. The data states the ethnicity of the non-Jewish parent, broken down by county and sometimes city and the number of children resulting from mixed marriages (broken down also by ethnicity of the non-Jewish parent). Another section breaks down the Jewish population by sex and county/city and another by age and county/city. Graphs depict distribution by age and sex across the country. Bucharest's Jewish population is broken down separately. It is not clear who created these pages, whereas the maps state that they were created by the Centrala Evreilor din România.
This folder contains several pieces of miscellaneous correspondence related to several Makkabi (also spelled Macabi, today Maccabi) sports club branches in Romania. It is not clear what the connection is between the letters or how they ended up together and in this archival collection. In addition to reports from Romanian-based branches, there is a list of donations/dues (unclear) from Czech-based branches. On the verso is a fragment of a letter in German regarding Romanian-based Zionist work; the letter appears to refer to Zionist activities and not Makkabi events. Other letters include one from the Tel-Aviv Makkabi branch to Bucharest representatives (Dr. Weinberg). There is also a report, in German, addressed to the leadership of the Makkabi World Union (Weltverband) at the congress in Prague (1933) regarding activities in Romania; the report was written in Iași. There are several memos from and to the Chișinau branch (in Romanian and Hebrew) as well as to branches in Galați and Cernăuți (Chernivtsi/Czernowitz). These are written in Romania and are all from the same man, Hazack Weematz (also spelled Hazac Veemaț), apparently president of the Romanian Makkabi executive board.
The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only).
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
This folder contains hundreds of documents apparently related in some way to the Transnistrian deportees in the county of Golta. The documents include corresponence with the Jewish council central offices in Bucharest, memos from the welfare department of assistance sent, inventories of goods sent, telegrams, private messages transmitted via the central council to individuals in Golta county. Many of these messages are from people in Cernăuți to relatives or friends deported to Golta.
This folder contains a variety of paperwork regarding Transnistrian deportees. A majority of the papers originate from Cernăuți and regard the impoverished Jewish community there. Material includes correspondence from the Jewish council to and from governmental authorities regarding Transnistrian deportees, medicine to be sent, border control of goods, and so forth. There are charts of businesses, presumably Jewish-owned, but the first page is missing and so the scope of the charts is not clear. Correspondence to and from the Cernăuți office primarily regards sums of money sent from the welfare department. There are also personal notes, memos, or telegrams (it is not clear) sent to deportees in Transnistria from various individuals or organizations in Bucharest.
This folder contains lists of Jews from various cities around the country who were deported to Transnistria as a result of infractions of forced labor requirements. The charts list the name of the individuals, address, parent names, and year of birth. The majority of the individuals in these lists are from Bucharest or other towns in the Regat. There are some shorter lists of individuals from Cernăuți, Timișoara, Alba Iulia, and a few other towns in Transylvania.
This folder contains a variety of documents related to individuals deported to Transnistria. Primarily the documents are requests from family members who remained in Romania for their deported relatives to be returned to the country. There are also some notes and memos regarding sums of money sent to deportees. The requests from family members for their relatives to be restored provide various details about the deportee, the circumstances surrounding their deportation, and the material circumstances of the author of the letter. Frequently various civil records are included such as birth certificates.
This folder contains correspondence between the central offices of the Jewish council and the Cernăuți offices. The correspondence and material primarily concerns the budget, though some other matters are also mentioned (requests for holiday materials,etc).
These two folders contain almost 400 "declarations" made by the heads of households in Cernăuți in 1942. The forms contain the names of the household members, including relation to the head of the household, age, occupation, and various permit or authoritization numbers. The address, date, signature are also included. Please note that while there are almost 400 such forms, many tens of thousands of Jews lived in Cernăuți throughout the war so these forms only contain the names of a fraction of the Jewish population. Many of the forms in folder 298 sustained water damage and are illegible. The forms were created by the county office of Czernowitz Jews (Oficiul Județean al Evreilor Cernăuți).
This folder contains a list of individuals appointed to administrative positions at the county office of Czernowitz Jews and other Jewish welfare and aid organizations in Czernowitz. The name, department, position, and age are included.
This folder contains a document outlying the plans for the emigration (presumably to Palestine) of those deported to Transnistria. Included are the names of the men in charge of organizing the effort, the price per person and other directions. It was written by the Jewish Council and is addressed to the county office in Cernăuți. There is no date.
This folder appears to have been created by the welfare branch of the Jewish council. There are hundreds of communications regarding sums transferred to various locations in Transnistria. But the material also contains correspondence (requests, messages, announcements of money transfer) between branches in Tranyslvania and elsewhere in the country.
The documents include handwritten biographical notes of several men in leadership positions in the Czernowitz Jewish community and other memos from and to the central offices in Bucharest regarding the Jewish census and other administrative matters.
This business preparatory school has its origin in 1883, when it was founded as a department of a larger trade school. In 1922 the business program separated from the trade school and took the name Școala Superioară de Comerț. The collection consists primarily of certificates of completion and notices of incompletion of course of study. As an example, see dosar 1/1936--the certificates contain the name of the student, the date, and also have a photograph of the student attached on the verso. A large number of the students of this school were Jewish.
The collection consists primarily of certificates of completion and notices of incompletion of course of study. The school reflected the multi-ethnic character of Cernăuți, and accordingly many Jewish students attended. A large number of diploma stubs are present, notable for containing photographs of the students: stubs list the name, birth date, and birth place of the student, as well as the date of graduation, with the photograph of the student on the verso.
This file titled confidential contains a variety of correspondence related to extremist movements and members of these movements of all kinds. Included are documents regarding Iron Guard members, Nazis, communists, or citizens of any country which was currently at war (France, England, Germany). Of special interest may be a list of communists in Cernăuți (apparently all Jews) including the address and profession of the individual and photographs of equipment used to sabatoge trains (homemade bombs, etc).
The register book is divided by class and lists each student by name and the grades received. No other information related to vital statistics (parents, birth information, residence) is provided. There are less Jewish students than prior to World War I, but there is still a significant Jewish presence.
Each page of the register contains the exam information for one student: the student's name is at the top below which are listed the subjects, topic of exam for each subject, and grade received. Sometimes additional information regarding the student is included at the top (birth date and place). Some loose leaves of correspondence and school certificates are included at the end. Jewish students make up a large portion of the student population.
Each page of the register contains the exam information for one student: the student's name is at the top, below which are listed the subjects, topic of exam for each subject, and grade received. Sometimes additional information regarding the student is included at the top (birth date and place). Some loose leaves of correspondence and school certificates are included at the end. Jewish students make up a large portion of the student population.
The catalogue lists the students for each class at the school and sometimes includes some comments regarding the students' behavior. No other information is contained regarding parents, birth place or date, etc. The vast majority of the students from these years appear to be Jewish.
This catalogue contains two pages for each individual student on which are entered the student's name, birthplace, father's name and place of residence, student's religion, and remarks as to his behavior and performance. Students of all major religions in the region are represented.
This collection contains six items from a secondary school in Czernowitz which existed at least from the 1850s to the interwar period. The school appears to have changed names several times over the years. Until the interwar period, Jewish students made up a significant portion of the student body. During World War II many documents from northern Bukovina were "evacuated" to southern Bukovina or elsewhere in Romania. This evacuation of documents was often incomplete and many documents have gone missing, which may explain how this collection ended up in Suceava and why it is so small, given that the dates span nearly a century. It is possible that other records for this school are held in archival repositories in Chernivtsi or even elsewhere in Romania. Please see below for details on the six items within this collection.
This school appears to have originally been the a boys elementary school in Cernăuți (Czernowitz, Chernivtsi) and at some point in time during or after World War II it was relocated to Siret. The collection primarily contains minutes of the staff meetings but it also has other registers and files regarding school finances, accounts, and class catalogs. The minutes of meetings (procese verbale) recorded during the war period are potentially of interest.
The collection consists of one file only, which contains 10 receipts for diplomas received by students at the ”Petru Rareș” trade school of Cernăuți. Some of the students were Jewish. The receipts list the graduate's name, birth place and date, father's name, and grade average. Names include Casner, Wirth, Meier, Klein, Waldmann, Cușnir, Baumann, Rosenkranz, Iavorschi, Sandulovici.
Photographs from number 120-135 appear to originate from a single album of photographs taken May 10th 1919, "National Day of Romania" (1866-1947). Many city representatives are pictured as well as the World War I hero, General Jacob Zadik.
This item is a 1938 calendar printed by agricultural equipment company Samuel Rosenberg. The calendar is similar to the one from 1934, but now does not include Jewish holidays, only Orthodox and Catholic (see "Calendar by Lazar Madfes", also in the Documents Collection).
This item is a decision issued by the royal ruler (Rezident Regal) for the district of Suceava forbidding Jews to speak any language other than Romanian in public work spaces and outlining the consequences (loss of citizenship).
This item is a poster publicizing ordinance nr. 4 which forbids printing or distributing brochures or pamphlets having to do with Legionnaires (Iron Guard) as well as forbidding gatherings of Legionnaires.
This item is a poster announcing the guest performance of a Czernowitz theater troupe in Gura Humorului for April 1924. Names include the director E. Grünau, Paul Frank, Siegfriend Geyer, Curt Wongler, Hertha Wachsler, Leo Strassberg, Grethe Marbach. Poster is in German with Romanian translations.