Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. Please note that two folders are catalogued under this call number. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jewish nationalist organizations (Zionists). Notifications, ordinances, documentation [on] "The Jewish Problem" (1949); the history of several Zionist organizations; atmosphere amongst the Jewish population and nationalistic events from ranks of the Jews in the Cluj region, notifications, informative summaries.
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Cluj county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. There are many folders which are obliquely titled or which may contain material related to Jewish individuals, for example, folders on emigrants, but the titles do not specify this. It was beyond the scope of the present survey to inspect the contents of all such folders. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accesible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history, content, or the number of pages in individual folders. For details on folders titled as specifically containing material related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This file contains various documents and correspondence pertaining to the citizenship of, by and large, the Jewish residents of Rădăuți or of those born in Rădăuți. Typically, the documents consist of a request to correct an omission of the resident's name in the register of nationalities, and thereby to acquire Romanian citizenship. In some cases, individuals born in Rădăuți but living elsewhere, often in Germany, seek to confirm and officially acquire Romanian citizenship, but the majority of applicants appear to be individuals still living in Rădăuți or elsewhere in Romania. These papers may be related to legislation passed in 1938 revoking or calling into question Romanian citizenship of Jews. Various other types of documents are scattered among these papers, including a large group of papers pertaining to taxes on cinemas; these usually include a list of the films they were showing.
This file contains a list of organizations in Rădăuți, nearly half of which relate to Jewish affairs or the Jewish community. Among other things, the register lists the name of the organization, the mission of the organization, date of founding, name of the president, and short description of the organization's holdings.
This collection contains a wide variety of papers created by the Town Hall of Radăuți during the Austro-Hungarian period until the early community period. The material covers all areas of town administration from elections to property administration to overseeing of professional organizations and so forth. Material specifically related to the Jewish population includes information on cultural and professional organizations (many Jewish), files related to the deportation of Jews (euphemistically called "evacuation") and handling of the remaining property, bids for market stalls (many of which were made by Jews), various files on impoverished survivors of Transnistria requesting welfare or proof of citizenship. For details on these files, please click on any link below.
This file appears to be somewhat mistitled: the bulk of the various papers (correspondence, meeting minutes, reports, ordinances) in this file concern the setting of maximum prices for commodities and basic food and living essentials in response to the economic depression. Notably, many of the council members and representatives of the professional and trade groups are Jewish – see for example leaves 21 and 139. Elsewhere, there is a request for distribution of the Czernowitz newspaper “Der Tag” sent by Arnold Schwarz. Many prominent Jewish Czernowitz poets such as Rosa Ausländer were published in “Der Tag.”
This file contains correspondence, registers, requests, reports, and other civil documents, largely concerning property in the Gura Humorului district. Several of the documents mention Jewish landowners. An example of other types of documents pertaining to Jews in this district are permits for Markus vel Mortche Wein to give dance lessons in the district (beginning on page 52).
This file contains reports and orders on censorship and activities surrounding the distribution or presentation of officially censored materials, as well as requests by residents and visiting artists to present cultural programming (plays, films, meetings). Item 31 in particular has to do with a Jewish cultural presentation. Please note there are several folders with such material from various years.
This file contains reports and orders on censorship and activities surrounding the distribution or presentation of officially censored materials, as well as requests by residents and visiting artists to present cultural programming (plays, films, meetings). Several requests pertain to meetings and gatherings of the Jewish community, and there are a number of censorship orders to stop the distribution of German- and Yiddish-language Jewish newspapers and periodicals (see for example items 94-99). Please note there are several folders with such material from various years.
This collection contains papers and correspondence relating to the administration of the police (staffing, payroll, budget), as well as a number of materials regarding community events and surveillance of citizens. Of particular interest are lists of tradesmen present in the municipality, many of whom were Jewish, and requests by individuals and organizations for permits for social and cultural events, including many events hosted by Jewish cultural organizations. There is also a substantial amount of material regarding press censorship and surveillance of political groups, including Zionist groups. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.
The collection consists of statutes, membership lists, meeting minutes, correspondence, and other papers from the offices of the German Theater Association of Transylvania (Hauptverein für das deutsche Theater in Siebenbürgen), founded in Sibiu in 1922, and led by Dr. Iulius Bielz. Although there is no evidence of Jewish involvement, this collection does shed light on the increasingly German nationalist orientation of the Transylvanian Saxon community during the interwar period. See, for example, număr curent 11, a performance repertory. There are some materials regarding the performance of a play by Fritz Heinz Reimesch, a Saxon living in Germany; these materials often use words such as “Volksdeutsche” and “Volksgenosse,” and the play is a nationalistic affair about the defense of Hermannstadt by the Nachbarschaften (Saxon neighborhood organizations), set in the past. Elsewhere the director of the organization pleads for assistance in setting up theatrical events for the Swabians of Banat, as this region is being threatened with greater Romanianization; a representative of the Sighișoara branch mentions theatergoers “of other nationalities,” but says that they are few.
This files contains hundreds of petitions and related correspondence from a variety of cultural organizations in Câmpulung requesting authorization to host cultural events and gatherings. The events range from performances by guest opera singers, masked balls, all-night dances, hora parties, picnics, readings, and other gatherings. Numerous Jewish organizations are represented as well as organizations which had large numbers of Jewish members, such as the social democrat political party. Of particular interest are several documents related to the Yiddish and Zionist-oriented organization Ber Borochov Jewish Cultural League (Liga culturala evrească).
This register book was apparently used by the spa and resort ”Regina Maria” (Queen Maria”) to record guests. The book records the name, birth year, and occupation of the guest, day of arrival, spouse's name and birth year (sometimes), town of residence, identity card information, address where they are staying in Solca, and cost for the spa services. Solca was known for its salt waters and fresh air. The vast majority of the guests in this book are Jews, many from Bessarabia as well as elsewhere in the Regat and of course Bukovina.
This file contains correspondences and lists of minority artistic groups, mostly theater, that were approved to perform, and regarding those who were not. At the end is a 17 page list with 977 names of Jewish members of the artists and singers union.
Sometimes reports on the activities of athletic clubs are found in the files regarding cultural activities. For 1930 and 1931 however they were filed separately. Similarly, not all the documents in these files pertain to athletic clubs. At least one from 1930 lists a number of non-athletic Jewish societies (Zionist, womens, etc).
Included in the general title of cultural activities or societies, are many Zionist and other Jewish organizations. These files hold numerous documents submitted by organizers requesting permission to hold lectures, dance classes, concerts, book discussions, elections, and other events.
The file contains correspondence and reports regarding police supervision and monitoring of Zionist clubs or other Jewish associations in Câmpulung Moldovenesc. Various requests for permission to hold meetings, conferences, and elections are included as well as detective reports by policemen who monitored such meetings. Specifically the organization ”Hehalutzilor” founded in Chisinau according to a police circular, is mentioned.
This collection consists of files created or maintained by the police authorities in Câmpulung Moldovenesc from the 1920s to the 1940s. In light of the significant Jewish population of the town, many or even most files may contain papers related in some way to Jewish residents. There are, for example, charts of artisans and shop-keepers; requests from organizations (Jewish cultural, religious, political groups) for permission to organize cultural events from dances to meetings to elections and so forth; files on suspected persons (including war-time refugees); files dealing with the revoking of Romanian citizenship from Jews; files from the Austro-Hungarian period with military conscript information; files dealing with forced labor or deportation to Transnistria during World War II. For details on these items and others, please click on any link below.
This item is a poster announcing the guest performance of a Czernowitz theater troupe in Gura Humorului for April 1924. Names include the director E. Grünau, Paul Frank, Siegfriend Geyer, Curt Wongler, Hertha Wachsler, Leo Strassberg, Grethe Marbach. Poster is in German with Romanian translations.
This item is an invitation printed by the Bukowiner Landsmannschaft announcing a social evening in Vienna to raise money for needy Bukowinas "regardless of nationality or religion". List of Ehrenkomitee (honorary committee) members includes numerous prominent Bukovina citizens.