The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only): http://www.arhivelenationale.ro/images/custom/image/Pdf-uri/DANIC_Fonduri%20si%20colectii/Feudale/Colectia%20comunitati%20evreiesti%201818-1959.pdf
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Jews - Fălticeni, Himor [sic?], Siret: informative reports, requests for verification in files, memos, personal identity documents, reports, informative memos, investigative reports.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: Documents recording the submission and receipt of documents between the district secction M.A.I. Of Gura Humorului and the Suceava district office; papers describing the situation with "elements" from the community for whom various materials are retained; plans for recruiting agents; records from the district department of Gura Humorului concerning legionnaire and nationalist Jewish problems; initiation of informative operational work; meeting minutes; meetings analyzing the activities of the Gura Humorului district department.
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Suceava county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accesible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history, content, or the number of pages in individual folders. The collection is large, over 1,000 files, and as such there are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled and may contain reference to Jewish residents, for example folders titled as dealing with religious issues or the nationality of residents or folders regarding the monitoring of individuals with relatives in the United States, of tourists in the region or of Romanians with ties to foreigners. It was beyond the scope of the present survey to inspect the contents of all such folders. There are, however, a number of folders with titles specifically referencing the Jewish content. Several of these contain material related to specific Jewish communities; others regard surveillance carried out in Jewish communities or on persons hoping to emigrate. For details on these folders and others with material clearly related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This file contains legal documents and maps pertaining to the seizure of the Sillex timber mill, including some of its buildings, rail facilities and machinery, for the building of a public electric grid. According to the documents, the owner S.I. Leibovici had abandoned the property and the firm upon emigration to Palestine.
This file contains correspondence, ordinances, and other civic records, many of which pertain to agriculture, distribution of food and services, and mobilization efforts. A substantial number also deal with religious and cultural regulations and restrictions, including a group of general restrictions beginning with sheet 6. Later, sheet 131 contains an ordinance that members of all denominations, Christian and Jewish, who [customarily] close their businesses on Saturday for religious reasons, will [henceforth] be forced to stay open for business on Saturday. Page 135 also includes a list of candidates for district elections, including candidates for the Jewish Party (Partidul Evreiesc).
This file contains various civic records and correspondence. It includes an order on sheets 85-86 forwarded from Bucharest to prepare tables listing all municipal residents who are listed as “Jewish” in the civic register of nationalities. The lists themselves are not present in this folder.
This folder appears to be misleadingly titled. It contains a wide variety of civic records; of particular interest is a list of tradesmen, merchants, and industrialists including the name and address of their business (sheet 20), as well as a proposal for regulations for the slaughtering animals and the transport of meat products, which would take into account Jewish religious law (sheet 200).