This item is a fragment of a deaths register for the Jewish community of Teiuș (Hung: Tövis). It appears that the first 2-3 pages are missing. The printed headings are in German and Hungarian; the entries are in German until about 1877 when they switch to Hungarian. Please note the register is described in the inventory of the National Archives with dates of 1859-1881, but in fact there are entries up until 1886. There are also a few loose certificates of death from 1920. The entries are fairly complete and include name and birth information of the deceased; occupation; age; date, place, and circumstances of death; place, date, and officiant of the burial ceremony; names of surviving relatives is recorded.
This item consists of several loose sheets recording births, marriages and deaths in various villages and small towns around Alba Iulia. The pages originate from three different sources: some are from the Jewish community of Aiud; one is from the Jewish community of Teius; and the rest are from the recordkeeper for the subdistrict of Kisenyed, Philipp Gerst. These pages record births and marriages in various villages in that subdistrict (please see related register, also maintained by P. Gerst, under ref. number 2750). All documents date 1885-1886 and are in Hungarian. Documents from the two larger communities record more details about the births (parental information, etc) while the sheets from Gerst are succinct with name, date, place.
This collection comprises civil registers recording births, marriages, and deaths. Originally the registers were kept by each respective parish, church, synagogue, etc. In the 1950s they were collected by the National Archives and made into this overarching collection. The collection is organized by locality and then religion. In addition to birth, marriage, and death records, some of the Christian registers record conversions, baptisms, confirmations, pastor or priest names, and other notes on the development of the community. The Romanian preface to a similar collection in the Mureș county archives notes that in 1784 the Jewish communities were made to record their civil records under the supervision of the Catholic priests. It is unclear whether this may indicate that 18th century Jewish records could be found within Catholic record books. In any case, there are no extant Jewish registers dating prior to the 1820s in the district of Alba in this collection, though births taking place as early as the early 1800s were recorded after the fact in some registers. All Jewish registers held at the Alba archives are described in detail below; please click on a title for more information.
This collection is described in two inventories. The first, inventory 710, contains only seven items, all but one from the communist period. The contents relate primarily to employees of the finance administration. The second inventory, 920, contains many thousands of folders of records of payment and tax calculations for private and public organizations and individuals. The inventory is arranged alphabetically; private individuals (firm owners) and organizations (for example, schools) are listed all together. There are many Jewish names in the inventory and also a number of Jewish or Jewish-related organizations, including: Jewish Council of Romania (Centrala Evreilor din Romania) (Alba Iulia); Beit Izrael Synagogue Council (Comitetul Sinagogei "Beit Izrael") (Alba Iulia); administration of goods expropriated from the Jews (administrația bunurilor expropriate de la evrei) (Aiud); Jewish communities of Aiud, Alba Iulia, Ocna Mureș, Teiuș; Talmud Torah Jewish religious school (școala de religie evreiasca, Talmud Torah) (Alba Iulia). The contents of these folders, however, contain only brief records of salary payments and tax calculations. They may be of interest for researching the employees of the various communities but otherwise there is very little data contained in the forms. Perhaps of equal interest is that each form is stamped with the official stamp of the respective organization and these stamps, for the most part, are today lost. Please note that the collection is catalogued by the National Archives as spanning the years 1908-1950, but the earliest date found in the inventories was 1928 and the vast majority of the folders are from 1938-1950.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: folder dealing with the issue: organizations and extremist-terrorist groups or dissidents of the same who envision actions upon the territory of Romania - report on the opening of the file, chart with terrorist organizations of the following: Palestinians, Armenians, Kuds, Ethopians, Somalians, Sudanese, Libians, Iranians, Libanese, Jews, Congolese, West-Germans, Italians, French, Balkans, Iberians, Nordic [peoples], Asians, South-Americans, religious extremists.
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Alba county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. Unlike most county collections, there are very few folder titles which explicitly mention Jewish matters. There are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled or refer to a place (ie. Valea Lunga, etc) but give no indication as to the details of the contents. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accessible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history or content. For details on folders titled as specifically containing material related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This list contains the names of all staff members of the communities in Alba, as well as the names of the religious leaders. The number of community members is also noted. Towns are Alba Iulia, Ocna Mureșului, Teiuș, Sebeș, and Vințul de Jos.