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Title:

Târgu Mureș Jewish Community Collection

Description:

This collection is relatively extensive for a Transylvanian community that fell under the Horthy regime during World War II. Like all community collections that have survived to the 21st century, we have no information as to how or why certain documents survived while others did not. The current community offices are on the premises of the former Status Quo community property, including the synagogue and connected buildings. However, there is a significant portion of material that originated with the former Orthodox community, so the material was transferred at some point in time in the post-war period to the Status Quo offices. The former Orthodox synagogue building still exists nearby but is now used as office space.

Series I contains numerous register books of member dues, through which details on the community make-up can be gleaned. Series II is of significant interest to researchers, containing the interwar- and war-time board meeting minutes from the Orthodox community, which appear to be complete from 1926-1948, presumably with a gap after deportations, and then of the Unified community from 1948-1962. Presumably, the minutes will reflect the changing fate of this important Transylvanian community, spanning as they do interwar Romanian rule, Horthy fascist rule, the deportation period, restablishment of the community by survivors, communist rule, and the waves of mass migration that began in the late 1940s.  

Series III contains only four items, yet they are directly related to the persecutions and deportations during the war and measures taken by the reestablished community in the initial post-war years. Series IV contains several Orthodox Chevra Kadisha statutes and two civil record books from the interwar and even pre-World War I period. Series V contains correspondence logs (registers of incoming and outgoing correspondence) and Series VI contains material related to the two main local cemeteries as well as the cemetery in Sighișoara, which is now within the county of Mureș.

Finally, Series VII contains three items that were identified in 2015 but not able to be located in 2017. Please see the scope and content notes for the respective series for more information.

Creator:

Târgu Mureș Jewish Community (Status Quo, Orthodox, and Unified Communities)

Date:

1892-present

Extent:

Circa 3 meters

Language:

Hungarian; Romanian; Yiddish; German

Provenance:

The documents within this collection were stored in various storage spaces of the Târgu Mureș Jewish community (status 2015). As of summer 2017, they are in the community offices, organized in archival boxes for safe storage.

Access Rights:

Please contact the Târgu Mureș Jewish community for access.

Call Number:

Târgu Mureș Jewish Community Collection; box [xx]; folder [xx] (please see container list below for individual folder call numbers); Târgu Mureș Jewish Community

Bibliographic Citation:

Târgu Mureș Jewish Community Collection; box [xx]; folder [xx] (please see container list below for individual folder call numbers); Târgu Mureș Jewish Community

Repository:

Târgu Mureș Jewish Community; Str. Aurel Filimon 23; 547333 Târgu Mureș România; https://www.facebook.com/Comunitatea-evreilor-din-T%C3%A2rgu-Mure%C8%99-357283951392587/; http://izraelsarokms.ro/; comev_tgm@yahoo.com; tel. 0040 (0) 0265 261 810

Container List:

Language: Hungarian; Yiddish
Extent: 13 registers
Scope and Content: This series contain registers recording individual members within the community and their dues or taxes.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
1   Membership dues register, Orthodox community Hungarian 1938-1944
1   Membership dues register, 1948 Hungarian 1948
1   Membership dues register, 1941-1944 Hungarian 1941-1944
1   Membership dues register, 1948-1950 Hungarian 1948-1950
1   Membership dues register, 1949-1954 Hungarian 1949-1954
1   Membership list Hungarian after 1950
2   Membership dues register, 1951-1952 (I) Hungarian 1951-1952
2   Membership dues register, 1951-1952 (II) Hungarian 1951-1952
2   Membership dues register, 1951-1952 (III) Hungarian 1951-1952
2   Membership dues register, 1952-1953 Hungarian 1952-1953
2   Membership dues register, 1953-1955 Hungarian 1953-1955
2   Membership dues register, 1954-1957 Hungarian 1954-1957
5   Register of members, Orthodox community Yiddish 1922-1941
Language: Hungarian; Yiddish; Romanian
Extent: 7 registers
Scope and Content: This series contains the board meeting minutes for the Orthodox Jewish community. From December 1944 (after survivors returned from deportation), the book records the communities in the process of unifying. Prewar books have between 120-150 pages, while the postwar books have closer to 50 pages. The language is primarily Hungarian, with some Yiddish and, much later, Romanian.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
3   Board meeting minutes, Orthodox Jewish Community, 1926-1932 Hungarian 1926-1932
3   Board meeting minutes, Orthodox Jewish Community, 1932-1937 Hungarian 1932-1937
3   Board meeting minutes, Orthodox Jewish Community, 1937-1943 Hungarian 1937-1943
3   Board meeting minutes, Orthodox and Status Quo communities (during unification), 1944-1947 Hungarian 1944-1947
4   Board meeting minutes, Orthodox Jewish Community, 1946-1948 Hungarian; Yiddish 1946-1948
4   Board meeting minutes, Unified Jewish Community, 1948-1950 Hungarian; Romanian 1948-1950
4   Board meeting minutes, Unified Jewish Community, 1950-1962 Hungarian 1950-1962
Language: Hungarian
Extent: 4 items
Scope and Content: The first item begins with addresses of members continues with only the member names. The register of those who returned from deportation or forced labor contains 2,207 entries which list the name, birth date, occupation, names of parents, where they returned from, where they have received assistance, and current address.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
5   List of addresses (of community members) Hungarian 1945
5   Goods donated for the former deportees Hungarian 1944-1945
5   Protocol forms for seized Jewish goods and property Hungarian 1945-1947
M3   Register of those who returned from deportation and forced labor Hungarian 1944-1947
Language: Hungarian
Extent: 4 items
Scope and Content: This series contains two versions of the Chevra Kadisha statues for the Orthodox community and two civil records books. It is not clear why these books remained with the community. For a list of all the civil records books held by the National Archives branch of Mureș please see this entry on the JBAT website.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
D1   Statutes for Chevra Kadisha (Orthodox community) Hungarian 1924
D1   Statutes for Chevra Kadisha (Orthodox community) Hungarian 1928
D1   Register of births, 1933-1948 Hungarian 1933-1948
D1   Register of marriages, 1892-1933 Hungarian 1892-1933
Language: Hungarian
Extent: 5 items
Scope and Content: This series consists of registers recording correspondence received and sent from the interwar period into the post-war years.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
M3   Register of correspondence received and sent, 1929-1960 Hungarian 1929-1960
M3   Register of correspondence received and sent: Chevra Kadisha, 1923-1940 Hungarian 1923-1940
M3   Register of correspondence received and sent, 1924-1927 Hungarian 1924-1927
D2   Correspondence, 1944-1949 Hungarian 1944-1949
D2   Register of correspondence received, 1944-1949 Hungarian 1944-1949
Language: Hungarian
Extent: 6 items
Scope and Content: This series contains maps of the Jewish cemeteries in Târgu Mureș and Sighișoara as well as the associated registers of burials for the respective cemeteries.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
M1   Register of the Sighișoara Jewish cemetery (orthodox community) Hungarian; German; Romanian  
M1   Sighișoara Jewish cemetery map   1923-1966
M1   Register of Târgu Mureș Status Quo cemetery Hungarian 1888-present
M1   Târgu Mureș Status Quo cemetery map Hungarian 1895-present
M2   Register of Târgu Mureș Jewish Orthodox cemetery Hungarian; Yiddish 1923-1966
M2   Târgu Mureș Orthodox cemetery map Hungarian; Yiddish 1923-1966
Language: Hungarian; Yidish
Extent: 3 items
Scope and Content: Please note that these items were recorded in an initial assessment in 2015, but could not be located in 2017. Their present locaton, condition, and further details could not be verified. Please contact jdawson@lbi.cjh.org if you have information on these documents.
Box Folder Title (English translation) Language Date
    Register of Jews enlisted and who died in forced labor battalions from Mureș county (from outside of Tg.Mureș) (10 pages) Hungarian 1942-1944
    Table of those from Sighișoara deported and killed in Auschwitz    
    Membership dues register, Status Quo Community (circa 300 pages) Hungarian; Yiddish 1900-1918

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