Search Results: 26 total

  • <
  • of 3
  • >

This file contains tables, correspondence, and documents regarding tradesmen and public buildings in Gura Humorului. A substantial number of the tradesmen bear traditionally Jewish names.

This collection contains a variety of administrative documents and correspondence (budget, staffing, payroll), various documents created during day-to-day police operations, as well as an unusually high number of materials regarding the policing of borders, illegal aliens, and supervision of political groups, probably owing to the proximity of the territories occupied by Russia during the second World War. Of interest, too, is a military recruitment register, which provides a large amount of vital statistics information on military-age men in the region, including information about ethnicity and religion. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.

This collection contains papers and correspondence relating to the administration of the police (staffing, payroll, budget), as well as a number of materials regarding community events and surveillance of citizens. Of particular interest are lists of tradesmen present in the municipality, many of whom were Jewish, and requests by individuals and organizations for permits for social and cultural events, including many events hosted by Jewish cultural organizations. There is also a substantial amount of material regarding press censorship and surveillance of political groups, including Zionist groups. For details on the items mentioned above, please click on any link below.

The relevant portion of this collection are the indices and registers (1853-1861) of the Imperial County Office of Sibiu. Indices are arranged alphabetically by name of individual or organization, or in some cases by topic. Registers are arranged in approximate chronological order. As such, one typically can find relevant entries by searching for words like “Juden” or “Israeliten” (Jews), or by the names of individual members of the Jewish community. The indexes and registers further provide a short summary of the case or document, along with the case or document number. The registers typically provide a fuller summary and often provide the date of opening of the case, and the date of resolution, as well as a short description of the resolution. In some cases, the documents may be preserved, and may be requested by the document numbers recorded in the registers and indices, although not all documents are still extant. In addition to the indices and registers which comprise the bulk of the collection, there are also indices for circulars and various orders (1852-1856), a register of recruits (1861), and registers and indices for local offices: Sibiu (1853-1854), Orlat (1856-1860), Cisnădie (1853-1854), and Săliște (1851-1854).

This collection consists of ledgers and indices of regulatory measures enacted by the Sibiu Magistrate. The materials on this collection date largely to the 18th and early 19th century, thus covering a period before substantial Jewish settlement in the jurisdiction, although item number 4 did turn up evidence of an 1829 decision pertaining to Jews and pharmaceuticals. It is possible other relevant cases may be recorded in these registers as well; a thorough investigation of the contents was beyond the scope of the present survey. See page 689/80 of nr. crt. 4, containing a decree from 1829 September 10, stating that Jews are permitted neither to trade in pharmaceuticals nor to operate pharmacies, and that any pharmaceuticals discovered to have been “defiled” [verfault] by Jews are to be reported immediately to the authorities.

This is a rather small collection, more or less cataloged at an item level, consisting primarily of enrollment requests in the form of handwritten letters for business training schools and courses throughout the Sibiu district. It appears that there were several small schools and evening course offerings, even in some smaller localities and villages. There are also some administrative papers, such as lists of students and reports. At least one enrollment request, item 141 of 1910, testifies to the enrollment of a Jewish student in these schools and coursework. This item is a request by the factory owner Heim Schublach of Sibiu for the enrollment of his daughter Hermine Schublach, as well as for the enrollment of Ilona Kimpel of Turda, in a course. It does not specify which factory Schublach owned.

This collection consists of various account ledger books for different businesses and organizations in Sibiu's jurisdiction. There is no clear relationship between the ledgers, and often very little information about their creators or their context. Since many of the ledgers date to the late 18th and early 19th century, a period before substantial Jewish settlement in the region, archivists only selectively surveyed this collection. A single mention of a Jew was found in one ledger, although it is possible that additional ledgers in the collection could contain more information on local Jewish history. The aforementioned ledger (număr curent 35), ascribed to Johann Roth, consists of an alphabetical index of client names, and then the bulk of the book consists of accounts payable and receivable entries for these various individual and corporate clients. In a shorter section between the index and accounts sections, entitled “Month of October,” there is an entry for Israel Löwy in Alba Iulia (Carlsburg), in the matter of an inheritance – see page 27 (page seven in the book's original numbering).

Photo of representatives from Raffeisen bank and their Romanian economic partners from Bukovina at the agriculture exhibition in Vienna

At the time of this letter Suceava had recently become part of the Austrian Empire. The priest requests the money to be ”German” money.

This entry is a collection of several single documents which are catalogued by the Suceava Archives separately. The documents refer in some way to agreements between the local authorities and tîrgoveții – literally market people – granting the latter land for houses, cemeteries, house of prayer, or space for their market. It seems likely that tîrgoveții was often a euphemism for Jews, especially in the early-mid 1700s. Other ethnic groups which also typically worked in the trade sector are generally specified, Armenian, etc. As time passes it becomes more common to find references to Jews specifically. Of particular interest are the last two documents discussing a legal case between Christian merchants who wanted to evict the Jew, Aron (elder of the community) from his house and allow a Christian shopkeeper to move in. The last document is the response of Aron to these proceedings. These documents have been transcribed from the original Cyrillic and are available in modern Romanian (copies).

  • <
  • of 3
  • >

We welcome your input about our site.
Help us out by taking a quick, 7-question survey.