This item is a register of births within the Jewish community of Alba Iulia from 1850-1886. Please note that there is another birth register from Alba Iulia covering much of the same period. At least some births appear in both books; it is not clear why two books were maintained. The one described in this entry is larger and more official but entries frequently are missing data. The register, both the headings and entries, is mostly in German. Around the mid-1880s entries begin to occasionally appear in Hungarian but the scribe eventually returns to German (the final official statement is in German). Notes on an entry, regarding a name change or death are made in Hungarian. Sometimes the date of birth and/or name is also provided in Hebrew. Name; date; gender; parents; marital status of parents; parent residence; midwife name; circumcision or naming ceremony details and name of witnesses or godparents are provided.
This item is a register of births within the Jewish community of Alba Iulia from 1850-1877. In fact the first birth is from 30 December 1849. The register, both the headings and entries, is in German. Information is comprehensively completed for the most part, though some scribes were less meticulous and the mother's name is often missing. Name; date; gender; parents; marital status of parents; parent residence; midwife name; circumcision or naming ceremony details and name of witnesses or godparents are provided.
This collection comprises civil registers recording births, marriages, and deaths. Originally the registers were kept by each respective parish, church, synagogue, etc. In the 1950s they were collected by the National Archives and made into this overarching collection. The collection is organized by locality and then religion. In addition to birth, marriage, and death records, some of the Christian registers record conversions, baptisms, confirmations, pastor or priest names, and other notes on the development of the community. The Romanian preface to a similar collection in the Mureș county archives notes that in 1784 the Jewish communities were made to record their civil records under the supervision of the Catholic priests. It is unclear whether this may indicate that 18th century Jewish records could be found within Catholic record books. In any case, there are no extant Jewish registers dating prior to the 1820s in the district of Alba in this collection, though births taking place as early as the early 1800s were recorded after the fact in some registers. All Jewish registers held at the Alba archives are described in detail below; please click on a title for more information.
The collection contains two sets of registers. The first set is the student catalogue books recording biographical details and grades for the years 1913-1924 (with gaps, registers for the following years exist: 1913-1914; 1916-1917; 1920-1921; 1922-1923; 1923-1924). The second set is immatriculation registers for the following years: 1898-1899; 1899-1900; 1909-1910; 1909-1911 [sic]; 1911-1912. Such registration catalogues and immatriculation books generally contain biographical data such as birth place and date, parental information including father's occupation, previous schools attended, place of residency and so forth. Please note that JBAT archivists did not survey these registers directly. The languages listed are languages customarily found in such records during this time period and this region.
This collection is described in two inventories. The first, inventory 710, contains only seven items, all but one from the communist period. The contents relate primarily to employees of the finance administration. The second inventory, 920, contains many thousands of folders of records of payment and tax calculations for private and public organizations and individuals. The inventory is arranged alphabetically; private individuals (firm owners) and organizations (for example, schools) are listed all together. There are many Jewish names in the inventory and also a number of Jewish or Jewish-related organizations, including: Jewish Council of Romania (Centrala Evreilor din Romania) (Alba Iulia); Beit Izrael Synagogue Council (Comitetul Sinagogei "Beit Izrael") (Alba Iulia); administration of goods expropriated from the Jews (administrația bunurilor expropriate de la evrei) (Aiud); Jewish communities of Aiud, Alba Iulia, Ocna Mureș, Teiuș; Talmud Torah Jewish religious school (școala de religie evreiasca, Talmud Torah) (Alba Iulia). The contents of these folders, however, contain only brief records of salary payments and tax calculations. They may be of interest for researching the employees of the various communities but otherwise there is very little data contained in the forms. Perhaps of equal interest is that each form is stamped with the official stamp of the respective organization and these stamps, for the most part, are today lost. Please note that the collection is catalogued by the National Archives as spanning the years 1908-1950, but the earliest date found in the inventories was 1928 and the vast majority of the folders are from 1938-1950.
This folder contains a collection of documents apparently put together by the Federation of Jewish communities. All the documents testify to abuse of Jewish property or person in some way. Included is a testimony from Alba Iulia and a bill of sale (from a Jewish man to the Legionnaires) from Brașov.
The Jewish Communities of Romania Collection (sometimes also described by the Romanian National Archives as the Documents Collection of the Jewish Communities of Romania) contains documents created and received by Jewish communities and organizations functioning in Romania from the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century.
The documents until World War II are composed of a variety of items reflecting community life, including statutes, correspondence, reports, and membership lists. Documents from the World War II period generally address the plight of Romanian Jews during this period. This material includes reports on persecutions and expropriations, correspondence and other documents related to deportees, and emigration paperwork. The post-World War II material generally deals with the repatriation of Jewish deportees to the Romanian-organized camps in Transnistria, the welfare of survivors, emigration, and the activities of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania and of the Jewish Democratic Committee (communist Jewish organization). For the complete inventory list of the collection, please see this link (in Romanian only): http://www.arhivelenationale.ro/images/custom/image/Pdf-uri/DANIC_Fonduri%20si%20colectii/Feudale/Colectia%20comunitati%20evreiesti%201818-1959.pdf
JBAT archivists surveyed folders containing material related specifically to Bukovina and Transylvania. For details on the contents of these folders, please see the list below and click on any link.
Please note JBAT archivists did not survey this material directly. The folder description provided by the CNSAS inventory reads: folder dealing with the issue: organizations and extremist-terrorist groups or dissidents of the same who envision actions upon the territory of Romania - report on the opening of the file, chart with terrorist organizations of the following: Palestinians, Armenians, Kuds, Ethopians, Somalians, Sudanese, Libians, Iranians, Libanese, Jews, Congolese, West-Germans, Italians, French, Balkans, Iberians, Nordic [peoples], Asians, South-Americans, religious extremists.
The collection includes the paperwork and material collected by the Alba county Securitate (Romanian Communist Secret Police) offices under communism. The material includes select folders from the pre-communist period; these folders were presumably in the possession of the police and seized by the Securitate at some point in time. Unlike most county collections, there are very few folder titles which explicitly mention Jewish matters. There are many hundreds of folders which are obliquely titled or refer to a place (ie. Valea Lunga, etc) but give no indication as to the details of the contents. At the time of the JBAT survey (2015), the inventory for this collection was accessible only at the physical location of the CNSAS and only in digital form on the computers of the CNSAS reading room. The inventory provided no indication as to the linear extent of the collection and gave no additional details as to its history or content. For details on folders titled as specifically containing material related to the Jewish population, please click on the link(s) below.
This folder contains the paperwork for numerous individuals from Alba Iulia applying for permission to exercise their respective profession and/or to be exempted from forced labor. The documents may include birth details, occupational details, various references and recommendations, and often a photo of the individual. There is also various paperwork in general regarding the position of the Jewish community of Alba Iulia and other supporting documents from companies who wished to retain their Jewish employees.